(Society and Self, Critical Representations in Literature)

Tortuga is Rudolfo Anaya’s third novel of a trilogy that also includes Bless Me, Ultima (1972) and Heart of Aztlán (1976). It is a tale of a journey to self-realization and supernatural awareness. In the story, Benjie Chávez, the protagonist, undergoes the ordeal of symbolic rebirth in order to take the place of Crespín, the keeper of Chicano wisdom who, upon his death, leaves that task to the protagonist.

At the end of Heart of Aztlán, Benjie is wounded by his brother Jason’s rival. Benjie falls from a rail yard water tower and is paralyzed. He is transported to a hospital in the South for rehabilitation. His entry into the hospital is also symbolically an entry into a world of supernatural transformation.

The hospital sits at the foot of Tortuga Mountain, from which flow mineral springs with healingwaters. Benjie is also given the name Tortuga (which means “turtle”) after he is fitted with a body cast that makes him look like a turtle. What follows is a painful ordeal. The protagonist is subjected to demanding therapy and is exposed to every kind of suffering and deformity that can possibly afflict children. Not even this, however, prepares him for the visit to the “vegetable” ward, where rotting children—who cannot move or even breath without the help of an iron lung— are kept alive.

It is in the vegetable ward that Tortuga meets Salomón, a vegetable, but one with...

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Tortuga Bibliography

(Society and Self, Critical Representations in Literature)

Suggested Readings

González-T, César A., ed. Rudolfo A. Anaya: Focus on Criticism. La Jolla, Calif.: Lalo Press, 1990.

Miguélez, Armando. “Anaya’s Tortuga.” Denver Quarterly 16, no. 3 (1981): 120-121.

Restivo, Angelo. Review of Tortuga, by Rudolfo A. Anaya. Fiction International 12 (1980): 283-284.