Places Discussed (Cyclopedia of Literary Places)
Maycomb. Seat of Alabama’s fictional Maycomb County, located twenty miles east of Finch’s Landing. Through its citizens from professional, middle, and lower classes, Harper Lee analyzes the values and problems common in small southern towns during the Great Depression. Scout learns from Atticus to reject the racial and social prejudices of the town without hating its inhabitants. By walking in the shoes of others both before and after the Tom Robinson trial, she respects Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose, who is determined to cure her morphine addiction before dying, and she appreciates Judge Taylor, Sheriff Tate, and farmer Link Deas, all of whom try to give Tom Robinson as fair a trial as possible in Maycomb.
Radley place. Home of Arthur (Boo) Radley and his family; located near Atticus Finch’s home. Community rumors about the seclusion of Boo in his home and about his violent actions provide mystery and excitement for Scout, Jem, and Dill during their summers. Actually seeing Boo or enticing him to leave his dark, isolated home becomes a goal for the children and a lesson in tolerance and acceptance. Through the gifts they find in the hollow tree in the Radley yard, they learn of Boo’s tentative attempts at friendship with them. When Boo saves their lives by killing Bob Ewell in the woods behind the school, they learn to respect his privacy and his desire to remain hidden from the probing eyes of the community.
Schoolhouse. School attended by the Finch children. By having children from the town and from the rural community in the same classes, Lee...
(The entire section is 681 words.)
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Impact (The Sixties in America)
Although frequently referred to as a regional novel, To Kill a Mockingbird quickly proved to have universal appeal. A best-seller, it received mixed critical reviews but was awarded the Pulitzer Prize and soon became one of the most widely read contemporary novels in U.S. high schools. Objections to its mild profanity, inclusion of racial epithets, depiction of hypocrisy in religion, and reference to rape led to occasional short-term censorship in public schools and libraries but ultimately only increased the popularity of the novel. Written during one of the most turbulent periods of race relations in the United States, To Kill a Mockingbird effectively reflects and indicts the social code of the South, which conflicted with established law in failing to provide justice for all, regardless of race. As race relations were being tested in both the courts and the streets, readers responded emotionally and intellectually to a literary work that advocated equal justice for all humanity.
Form and Content (Masterplots II: Women's Literature Series)
To Kill a Mockingbird is narrated by Jean Louise Finch, nicknamed Scout, who recalls her childhood spent in the sleepy Southern town of Maycomb, Alabama. Set in the Great Depression of the 1930’s, part 1 of the novel mainly consists of Scout’s everyday trials and tribulations with her father, Atticus; her older brother, Jem; their black housekeeper, Calpurnia; and their neighbors. Scout and Jem are becoming more aware of the adult world around them. Atticus Finch desires his children to be more tolerant in a town that has certain deep-rooted prejudices. Scout and Jem begin this struggle for understanding when Dill, a precocious nephew of their neighbor Stephanie Crawford, visits one summer. Dill proposes that they try to make Boo Radley come out of his house. Fascinated by the town’s rumors that Boo is insane, the children make several attempts to lure the mysterious recluse out into the open.
When Dill leaves in the fall, the children’s ideas concerning Boo fade. Scout encounters the school system for the first time. On the first day of school, she gets in trouble with her new teacher because Atticus has been teaching Scout to read; the teacher insists that Scout learn to read “properly”—that is, in school. From this encounter, Atticus teaches Scout about compromise—they will continue to read together every night, but Scout must learn her teacher’s reading methods as well— and about the value of seeing things from another person’s perspective.
Later in the school year, Jem discovers gifts left in the knot hole of a tree on the Radley place. The children...
(The entire section is 658 words.)
Context (Masterplots II: Women's Literature Series)
Published in 1960, To Kill a Mockingbird has become an American literary classic. It won the Pulitzer Prize in 1961 and was made into an Academy Award-winning film in 1962, with Gregory Peck playing Atticus Finch. The novel also won the Brotherhood Award of the National Conference of Christians and Jews in 1961 and was Best Sellers magazine “Paperback of the Year” in 1961.
Although Harper Lee has not published a major work since To Kill a Mockingbird, the book retains its place in American literature for its telling of a regional story with a universal message. Also, although it is not a main issue, the novel features a feminist struggle. Even though the main focus of the novel remains Scout’s growing recognition of the prejudices of her surroundings, Scout struggles for an understanding of womanhood. Through the strong, lyrical voice of this independent tomboy, the reader sees a young girl unsure of her place in Southern femininity. Scout struggles with how to fit into the world of “ladies,” as exemplified by her Aunt Alexandria, and how to retain the independence that she has had as a child. Men still hold the main arena, and their world seems much more interesting to Scout than the world of caretaking that her aunt enjoys. Only Miss Maudie, Scout’s outspoken neighbor, offers a good model for Scout. Maudis is independent and speaks her mind, yet she enjoys her baking and tending her garden.
Lee has been linked to other Southern writers who emerged in American literature after World War II, such as Truman Capote (who was the model for Dill in the novel), Carson McCullers, William Styron, and Eudora Welty. Along with these writers, Lee celebrates the Southern tradition of looking back on the past as did her predecessor William Faulkner. The new Southern writers, however, wrote about a “new South,” a region that looked not only to its past but also to its future. Critics praised Lee for her portrayal of the new Southern liberal in the character of Atticus Finch. They also praise her technical use of point of view and her strong evocation of place as the strengths of To Kill a Mockingbird.
Chapter 1 Questions and Answers
1. Describe Calpurnia as Scout depicts her in Chapter 1.
2. What does Dill dare Jem to do?
3. What events led to Arthur’s being shut into the house?
4. Pretend you are writing a description of Maycomb for a travel magazine of the 1930s. Describe the town in detail.
5. The townspeople of Maycomb have some fears and superstitions about the Radley Place. Describe these fears and superstitions.
6. Whose idea was it to make Boo come out of the house?
7. How important is bravery to Jem?
8. Mr. Connor is described as “Maycomb’s ancient beadle.” What is a beadle?
9. What goal do the children plan to...
(The entire section is 518 words.)
Chapter 2 Questions and Answers
1. Who is Scout’s first grade teacher?
2. What is the Dewey Decimal System?
3. What events lead to the conflict between Scout and Miss Caroline?
4. Why is Mrs. Blount, the sixth-grade teacher, angry with Miss Caroline?
5. How does Scout learn to read?
6. The students in the class show some prejudice against Miss Caroline when she tells the class she is from Winston County, Alabama. Explain this prejudice.
7. How does Miss Caroline contradict herself about the use of imagination?
8. How does Miss Caroline contradict herself in her views on teaching reading?
9. How does Scout learn to write?...
(The entire section is 632 words.)
Chapter 3 Questions and Answers
1. Describe Burris Ewell.
2. Little Chuck Little tells the teacher that Mr. Ewell is “right contentious.” What does this mean?
3. What events lead to Burris’s leaving school before the day is over?
4. Why does Atticus say that Scout is not to mention the compromise they made when she goes to school?
5. What is a cootie?
6. Why does Walter think he almost died the first year in school?
7. Why does Atticus say Scout should ignore Jem in the tree house?
8. When Walter gets near the Finch house, Scout says he “had forgotten he was a Cunningham.” What does she mean?
9. What does it mean to...
(The entire section is 438 words.)
Chapter 4 Questions and Answers
1. What is the first present Scout finds in the tree?
2. When Dill says that he helped engineer the train, Jem says, “In a pig’s ear you did, Dill.” What does this mean?
3. Why has “Calpurnia’s tyranny, unfairness, and meddling . . . faded to gentle grumblings of general disapproval,” according to Scout?
4. What does Jem call Miss Caroline’s teaching methods?
5. What is the second present found in the tree?
6. Who is the “meanest old woman that ever lived”?
7. When Atticus asks the children if their game pertains to the Radleys, Jem says “No sir.” Atticus merely responds, “I hope it doesn't.” Why...
(The entire section is 428 words.)
Chapter 5 Questions and Answers
1. When Scout begins to drift away from the boys, with whom does she spend much time?
2. Why does Miss Maudie hate her house?
3. Why do the children have faith in Miss Maudie?
4. How do the children try to send the message to Boo?
5. What does Miss Maudie mean when she says Atticus is the same in his house as he is on the public streets?
6. What does Uncle Jack yell at Miss Maudie each Christmas?
7. Atticus uses something like a threat when he finds the children trying to get a note to Boo Radley. What is the threat?
8. Uncle Jack Finch says the “best defense to her [Miss Maudie] was spirited offense.” What...
(The entire section is 303 words.)
Chapter 6 Questions and Answers
1. What is Mr. Avery’s claim to fame?
2. What is the children’s new plan in Chapter 6?
3. Where do the children sleep in the summer?
4. What are some of the nicknames that Jem gives Scout?
5. Why do the children spit on the gate?
6. How do you know that Jem respects his father?
7. What does Jem lose when he goes to the Radley Place?
8. What false story does Dill tell about the missing pants?
9. What promise/understanding exists between Scout and Dill?
10. How does Atticus take care of the poker problem?
1. He can urinate “ten feet” into...
(The entire section is 209 words.)
Chapter 7 Questions and Answers
1. What secret does Jem share with Scout?
2. Describe the typical seasons in South Alabama.
3. What is the difference between carving and whittling?
4. What was unusual about Jem’s pants when he retrieved them from the fence?
5. What does Mr. Avery do with the stick of stovewood each week?
6. Why doesn’t Miss Maudie chew gum?
7. What do the children leave in the knothole in the tree?
8. What does Mr. Nathan Radley do to the tree where the gifts are placed?
9. Atticus says the tree is healthy. Mr. Nathan Radley says it is sick. When Atticus is told that Nathan had said the tree was sick, what...
(The entire section is 264 words.)
Chapter 8 Questions and Answers
1. Who dies in Chapter 8?
2. What is the Rosetta Stone? Why does Scout think Mr. Avery gets his information from it?
3. Why do Jem and Scout feel guilty when Mr. Avery tells them that children who disobey parents, smoke cigarettes, and make war on each other can cause a change in the seasons?
4. Jem and Scout do not have enough snow to build a snow figure. What else do they use?
5. What does Scout ask Atticus after he returns from the Radley Place after Mrs. Radley died?
6. Jem is able to make a snow person without enough snow to build one. What is Atticus’s first reaction? His second reaction?
7. How is Miss Maudie able...
(The entire section is 413 words.)
Chapter 9 Questions and Answers
1. Atticus is to defend a member of Calpurnia’s church. What is this person’s name?
2. What does Scout mean when she says “I was worrying another bone”?
3. Why does Atticus take a case which is causing so much dissension in the neighborhood?
4. How does Aunt Alexandra make Scout unhappy at meal time?
5. Who is Rose Aylmer?
6. Proponents of behavior modification believe that a way to reduce an undesired behavior is to ignore it. Can you think of an undesired behavior in Scout that Atticus sought to extinguish through ignoring it?
7. What is “Maycomb’s usual disease” that Atticus hopes that Scout and Jem will...
(The entire section is 320 words.)
Chapter 10 Questions and Answers
1. What action of Atticus’s makes him unpopular with the community?
2. What is a Jew’s Harp?
3. Why does Scout wish her father was “a devil from hell”?
4. Who does Calpurnia warn about the rabid dog?
5. What nickname did Atticus have at one time?
6. Who is Zeebo?
7. What does Atticus break when he went to face the dog?
8. Was it really “a policy of cowardice” that Scout follows when she agrees not to fight anymore about Atticus?
9. Why is Calpurnia supposed to go to the back door at the Radley Place?
10. Why is Miss Maudie upset when Scout talks about Atticus being old?...
(The entire section is 239 words.)
Chapter 11 Questions and Answers
1. Why do Jem and Scout hate Mrs. Dubose at first?
2. What does apoplectic mean?
3. What is Atticus’s advice to Jem when Mrs. Dubose angers him?
4. Atticus has a special way of greeting Mrs. Dubose which pleases her. Describe the greeting.
5. What things does Atticus require Jem to do to make amends for his rage?
6. What does Atticus say is the one thing that “doesn’t abide by majority rule”?
7. Why do you think Atticus brings Scout two yellow pencils and Jem a football magazine after their first session with Mrs. Dubose?
8. Why is Mrs. Dubose lengthening the sessions each time?
9. What is...
(The entire section is 265 words.)
Chapter 12 Questions and Answers
1. What change does Calpurnia make in the way she addresses 12-year-old Jem?
2. What does Calpurnia permit Scout to do that she had not permitted before?
3. What does the political cartoon of Atticus chained to a desk and wearing short pants mean to Jem?
4. Why should one not tell all one knows—according to Calpurnia?
5. Why are hymnals not used in the First Purchase A.M.E. Zion Church?
6. How is Zeebo related to Calpurnia?
7. Scout says she is confronted with the Impurity of Women doctrine in the First Purchase Church. What is the doctrine?
8. How does Calpurnia say that people can be changed?
(The entire section is 320 words.)
Chapter 13 Questions and Answers
1. Why does Alexandra come to live with the Finch family?
2. What does the word amanuensis mean?
3. How does Maycomb receive Alexandra?
4. What does it mean when Scout says that Cousin Joshua “went round the bend”?
5. What is Atticus’ remedy for stomach problems?
6. What is Maycomb’s primary reason for being?
7. Why does Maycomb always remain about the same size?
8. What message does Alexandra ask Atticus to bring to the children?
9. What does Scout mean when she says that Alexandra has a preoccupation with heredity?
10. What does Scout mean when she says that Alexandra thinks...
(The entire section is 229 words.)
Chapter 14 Questions and Answers
1. What does Scout find under her bed?
2. What does Atticus mean when he says, "rape to riot to runaways"?
3. Why does Dill run away?
4. What does Scout think is under her bed at first?
5. What is Scout’s response to Aunt Alexandra when she tells Scout that she cannot visit Calpurnia?
6. What does Scout mean by “he bore with fortitude her Wait Till I Get You Home. . . .”
7. When Scout asked Atticus if she could go to Calpurnia’s, what was Alexandra’s reaction?
8. Whom does Atticus tell Scout to mind?
9. Why does Scout seem to be a very innocent child?
10. Why does Jem ask Scout...
(The entire section is 280 words.)
Chapter 15 Questions and Answers
1. What are the only two reasons grown men stand outside in the yard, according to Scout?
2. What is meant by a “change of venue”?
3. Who is the mockingbird in this chapter? Why?
4. Who does Scout recognize in the mob at the jail?
5. Contrast the way Atticus rises from his chair at the jail and the way that he normally rises from a chair.
6. What breaks the tension when the mob comes to the house?
7. Where is Tom during the time that Atticus faces the mob downtown?
8. What does Calpurnia mean when she says Jem has the “look-arounds”?
9. What attitude do most of the people in Maycomb have...
(The entire section is 254 words.)
Chapter 16 Questions and Answers
1. Who presides over Tom’s trial?
2. What does the word elucidate mean?
3. What makes one a Mennonite, according to Jem?
4. What does Atticus say is the result of naming people after Confederate generals?
5. What does Atticus say had brought the mob to its senses?
6. What is the Idlers’ Club?
7. With whom do the children sit in court?
8. What two things keep Mr. Raymond from being trash?
9. What do the foot-washers say to Miss Maudie?
10. Why does Aunt Alexandra criticize Atticus?
1. Judge Taylor presides over Tom Robinson’s trial.
(The entire section is 206 words.)
Chapter 17 Questions and Answers
1. What is the name of the solicitor?
2. What does the word ambidextrous mean?
3. Why does Reverend Sykes ask Jem to take Dill and Scout home from the trial?
4. Where do the Ewells live?
5. Why does Scout get to stay during the explicit testimonies?
6. Where do Scout and Jem sit during the trial?
7. What does Scout mean when she says that Jem is counting his chickens?
8. Why is it important that Mr. Ewell signs his name with his left hand?
9. What excuse does Jem use for not taking Scout home?
10. What does it mean when Scout says the Ewells live as guests of the county?
(The entire section is 245 words.)
Chapter 18 Questions and Answers
1. What is Mayella’s full name?
2. What are lavations?
3. How can Jem tell which characters do not wash regularly?
4. Why does Judge Taylor not hold Mayella in contempt of court?
5. Why is Tom’s left arm crippled?
6. Whom does Mayella say she is afraid of?
7. What is a chiffarobe?
8. What question does Atticus ask Mayella that makes her furious?
9. What does the word tollable mean?
10. How many witnesses does Atticus say he still has to call when Mayella had finished?
1. Mayella’s full name is Mayella Violet Ewell.
(The entire section is 188 words.)
Chapter 19 Questions and Answers
1. Why is Dill crying?
2. How old is Tom?
3. What is Link Deas’ opinion of Tom?
4. What does Judge Taylor say to Deas when he speaks in favor of Tom?
5. What does Tom say that Mr. Ewell saw through the window?
6. Why does Scout take Dill from the courtroom?
7. What does Scout say is a sure sign of guilt?
8. What does Scout mean when she says Maycomb gives the Ewells “the back of its hand”?
9. Why was Tom afraid to push Mayella out of the way?
10. When Tom was approached by Mayella, he did something which Scout says was a sure sign of guilt. What was it?
(The entire section is 231 words.)
Chapter 20 Questions and Answers
1. What does Dolphus Raymond give Dill to settle his stomach?
2. What is unusual about Atticus’s clothing during his final summation?
3. What does Atticus argue are some of the reasons that Tom should not be convicted?
4. How does Atticus end his summation?
5. What does Atticus do in court that the children never saw him do even at home?
6. What feeling do both Tom and Atticus have for Mayella?
7. What does Atticus say is a great leveler?
8. Why does Mr. Raymond share this secret with the children?
9. Why does Mr. Raymond pretend to drink?
10. Does Atticus say that kissing Tom was a...
(The entire section is 282 words.)
Chapter 21 Questions and Answers
1. Who walks down the middle aisle carrying a note to Atticus?
2. Why does Reverend Sykes ask Scout to stand when her father passes?
3. How does Reverend Sykes address Scout?
4. What things are strange about the courtroom during the wait for a jury decision?
5. Scout compares the atmosphere in the courthouse before the jury returns to another time and place. What is the time and place?
6. Why is Reverend Sykes not sure that the jury would decide in favor of Tom Robinson?
7. Why does Reverend Sykes’s voice seem distant after the decision even though he is standing next to Scout?
8. What does Calpurnia’s note...
(The entire section is 301 words.)
Chapter 22 Questions and Answers
1. What does Aunt Alexandra call Atticus?
2. What does Jem mean when he says “It ain’t right”?
3. What does Dill plan to do with his life?
4. Miss Maudie normally gives the children a small cake each. What does she do this time?
5. What special thing do the people do to show their appreciation to Atticus the next morning?
6. What does Mr. Ewell say and do to Atticus?
7. Does Miss Maudie think that it is an accident that Atticus was appointed by the judge to defend Tom Robinson?
8. What kind of person does Miss Maudie say that Atticus is?
9. Why does it say that Dill makes rabbit-bites?...
(The entire section is 264 words.)
Chapter 23 Questions and Answers
1. What is Atticus’s response when the children ask him to borrow a gun?
2. What is a hung jury?
3. The jury contained white males from outside Maycomb. What are some missing groups?
4. What humorous remark does Atticus make when Ewell spits in his face?
5. Scout believes that Aunt Alexandra wants to help her choose something. What is this?
6. Do you think Tom could get a fair trial with a jury of white males from outside Maycomb? Why?
7. What is Atticus’ response when he was asked if he is afraid to fight?
8. Atticus says that one type of person is trash. Who was this?
9. Why could Miss Maudie...
(The entire section is 214 words.)
Chapter 24 Questions and Answers
1. Where does the women’s missionary circle hold its meeting?
2. Where are Dill and Jem?
3. During what month does the chapter take place?
4. Why is Scout not allowed to go with Dill and Jem?
5. What special group are the women studying?
6. Who is conducting the study?
7. Mrs. Merriweather tries to make Scout look bad in front of the others. She says Scout might want to be a lawyer since she has “already commenced going to court.” What does Scout say she wants to be when she grows up?
8. What bad news does Atticus bring home?
9. Mrs. Merriweather keeps saying there is someone the ladies needed...
(The entire section is 211 words.)
Chapter 25 Questions and Answers
1. What does Jem order Scout not to kill?
2. Why do Jem and Dill go with Atticus to the Robinson Place?
3. What condition does Atticus make for the two boys to go?
4. What game are the children playing at the Robinson Place?
5. What tender gesture does Atticus make while waiting for Helen?
6. What is Helen’s reaction to seeing Atticus’s face?
7. What does Mr. Underwood do to confront society?
8. To what does Mr. Underwood compare Tom Robinson?
9. What does Mr. Ewell say when he hears of Tom’s death?
10. Why does Scout not tell Atticus what Mr. Ewell said?
(The entire section is 236 words.)
Chapter 26 Questions and Answers
1. What grade is Jem in in this chapter?
2. What grade is Scout in in this chapter?
3. How does Scout feel about the Radley Place now?
4. What newspaper does Miss Gates dislike?
5. What term does Miss Gates say means equal rights for everyone?
6. When does Scout see Atticus scowl?
7. Why is Jem trying to gain weight? How?
8. How does Scout define democracy?
9. What had Scout heard Miss Gates say on the courthouse steps?
10. Why does Atticus say that Jem would not talk about the courthouse?
1. Jem is in the seventh grade in this chapter.
(The entire section is 245 words.)
Chapter 27 Questions and Answers
1. What does Mrs. Jones say Mr. Ewell said when he lost his job?
2. When does Judge Taylor hear a strange noise?
3. Why does Helen walk a mile out of her way to get to work?
4. Who defends Helen against Mr. Ewell?
5. What noise did Judge Taylor hear?
6. During what month does this chapter take place?
7. What is Scout’s costume for the pageant?
8. What are the nicknames for the Barber sisters?
9. What trick is played on the Barber sisters?
10. Who escorts Scout to the pageant?
1. Mr. Ewell says that Atticus got his job.
(The entire section is 176 words.)
Chapter 28 Questions and Answers
1. What is the weather like on Halloween night?
2. Who frightens the children on the way to the auditorium?
3. What is Cecil Jacob’s costume for the pageant?
4. How much money does Scout have and how many things can she do with it?
5. Why does Scout miss her cue in the pageant?
6. Why are the children among the last ones to leave the auditorium?
7. Why does Scout wear her costume home?
8. Why can Jem see Scout in the dark?
9. How many people scuffle under the tree?
10. Who does Sheriff Tate find has been killed in the scuffle?
1. The weather...
(The entire section is 221 words.)
Chapter 29 Questions and Answers
1. What is Atticus’s one sign of inner turmoil?
2. Why does Mr. Tate say it is all right that Alexandra had not heeded her feeling?
3. Why does Atticus want Scout to raise her head when she talks?
4. Why don’t the children go back for Scout’s shoes?
5. What does Scout call out to Cecil Jacobs?
6. Why do Atticus and Alexandra not hear the sounds outside?
7. Why does Mr. Tate say Mr. Ewell acted the way that he did?
8. How does Scout know that she is under the tree?
9. Who brings Jem into the house?
10. What does Scout say to the man who rescued Jem and her?
(The entire section is 214 words.)
Chapter 30 Questions and Answers
1. What is in the doctor’s package?
2. Why do they take Boo on the front porch?
3. In what order do they go out on the front porch?
4. What does the sheriff say had happened to Mr. Ewell?
5. What does Atticus say had happened to Mr. Ewell?
6. What comparison does Scout make with Boo?
7. For what does Atticus thank Boo?
8. How does Scout try to cheer Atticus up after Mr. Tate leaves?
9. What kind of knife was used to kill Mr. Ewell?
10. Where does the sheriff say he had gotten the switchblade?
1. The doctor carries medical supplies.
(The entire section is 184 words.)
Chapter 31 Questions and Answers
1. Why does Boo go inside the Finch house again?
2. What book is Atticus reading?
3. Why does Scout walk with Arthur to his home?
4. Why does she ask Boo to take her arm?
5. Why does Scout go to sleep before the story is over?
6. Why does the doctor put a tent over Jem?
7. Why is Atticus reading the book?
8. What does Atticus say most people are like when you finally see them?
9. What makes you think Atticus does not believe Scout when she says she is not afraid?
10. What makes Scout sad in thinking back on all the gifts Boo had given them?
(The entire section is 238 words.)
Compare and Contrast
Topics for Discussion
Ideas for Reports and Papers
Topics for Further Study
What Do I Read Next?
For Further Reference
Bibliography and Further Reading
Bibliography (Censorship (Ready Reference series))
Altman, Dorothy Jewell. Harper Lee. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980. A concise examination of the novel’s themes and symbolism. Treats the work as a regional novel with a universal message.
Beidler, Philip D. “Introduction: Alabama Flowering II.” In The Art of Fiction in the Heart of Dixie: An Anthology of Alabama Writers, edited by Philip D. Beidler. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1986.
Betts, Doris. Introduction to Southern Women Writers: The New Generation, edited by Tonette Bond Inge. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1990.
Dave, R. A. “To Kill a Mockingbird: Harper Lee’s Tragic Vision.” In Indian Studies in American...
(The entire section is 505 words.)