(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

The story opens with an overview of the furnishings and atmosphere in the homely, even unfashionable, suite of Martha Foote, the head housekeeper at the Senate Hotel. Her black walnut bed, chest, and desk are substantial pieces of furniture and sparkling clean. Martha’s taste differs from that of the hotel decorator, who responds to the latest fashions and has supplied the guest rooms with modern, fragile furnishings. Martha is a model of midwestern values and virtue, and her substantial furniture suggests the strength of her character.

A crisis occurs when one of the guests at the Senate Hotel develops insomnia and becomes hysterical. The resident in room 618, Geisha McCoy, has been terrorizing the hotel for two days. Geisha is so successful an actor that she is paid a thousand dollars a week, but everything at the Senate Hotel seems to be getting on her nerves. She first charges that the blankets are vile and filthy. In fact, the blankets are dirty because Blanche, Geisha McCoy’s maid, gave her a massage with them in hopes that she could relax enough to fall asleep. Geisha claims that she has been unable to sleep because of the clanking of chains and strange howls. Blanche is convinced that ghosts are responsible for the noises, and she, too, is becoming hysterical.

Martha solves the mystery of the disturbance by producing the cause of the noise: Mrs. Anna Czarnik, clad in her awkward boots. The clanking noise was her pail, the swishing, her rag, and the wail, her singing. Anna has been singing a dumka, a song of mourning. She is expressing grief and bitterness against the armies who have invaded her Polish homeland.

Geisha threatens to have Anna dismissed, but Martha dissuades her by telling her that Anna is a natural comedian. By describing Anna very sympathetically as a gallant...

(The entire section is 752 words.)