Characters Discussed

(Great Characters in Literature)

Kikuji Mitani

Kikuji Mitani, an orphan and a bachelor in his late twenties. A singularly passive man, he finds himself embroiled in the subtle machinations of his dead father’s mistresses without having any clear sense of what he wants. He is given to much reflection about his father’s love life and meditations on the utensils of the tea ceremony connected with Mrs. Ota, but he falls into her arms and later into the arms of her daughter without equal thought. He is attracted to the woman proposed as a bride for him, Yukiko Inamura, but seems unable to wring himself away from the women who were involved with his father.

Chikako Kurimoto

Chikako Kurimoto, a teacher of the tea ceremony. After a few years as the mistress of Mitani’s father, she seems to become sexless and appears to be fated to a lonely life because of a repulsively large black birthmark on her breasts. Unable to let go of the Mitani family after the affair, she becomes a family confidante, spewing her jealous resentment of the last mistress. She insists on being the go-between for Mitani and a young female student of hers. Finding Mitani hesitating between two young women, she tries to punish him by reporting that they are both married.

Yukiko Inamura

Yukiko Inamura, Chikako’s student and a prospective bride for Mitani. Elegant and pleasing, she carries a pink scarf with a pattern of a thousand cranes, an omen that seems very promising for Mitani’s future happiness.

Mrs. Ota

Mrs. Ota, the widow of a fellow tea enthusiast of the elder Mitani. She was his mistress in the last years of his life. In her mid-forties, with a long white neck, small mouth and nose, full shoulders, and a warm, pliant manner, she seems to be attracted to Kikuji as a way of remembering his father. Clinging and affectionate, she is, however, consumed with guilt and commits suicide.

Fumiko Ota

Fumiko Ota, Mrs. Ota’s daughter. She has inherited her mother’s long neck but has a fuller mouth and very sad eyes. Ashamed of her mother’s behavior, she nevertheless is also attracted to Mitani. She disappears mysteriously at the end, and there is a hint that she, too, may have committed suicide.

Thousand Cranes The Characters

(Literary Essentials: World Fiction)

Kikuji Mitani is typical of the protagonists of Kawabata’s fiction in being a man drawn, without being too conscious of the fact, into a complex triangular relationship involving a fair, virginal girl such as Yukiko Inamura and a dark, guilt-ridden girl such as Fumiko Ota. Kawabata’s Yoko and Komako in Yukiguni (1947; Snow Country, 1956) are the most famous examples of this typical female pair, as Shimamura, the protagonist of the same novel, is of the male type. Kawabata sketches the same three-sided relationship in Thousand Cranes in the story of the elder Mitani’s affairs with Chikako Kurimoto and Mrs. Ota. The history of the older generation affects the behavior of Fumiko Ota and young Mitani himself. Kawabata filters the action of Thousand Cranes through Mitani’s mind, but he is like Shimamura in his passivity. He does not so much seek out Yukiko and Fumiko as exploit the potential for emotional involvement presented him by the actions of others. Mitani is not so much a victim of the tangled life of his father as he is of a moral corruption of his own that Mrs. Ota and Fumiko exploit.

Yukiko Inamura is a shadowy figure. She is not really involved in the action of Thousand Cranes but serves to suggest the ordinary happiness Mitani might have if he could break through the sexual infatuation with Mrs. Ota that ties him to the past. Part of Mitani’s motivation is a barely recognized Oedipal impulse. His earliest memory of Chikako Kurimoto is the sight of a...

(The entire section is 624 words.)

Thousand Cranes Bibliography

(Great Characters in Literature)

Keene, Donald. Dawn to the West: Japanese Literature in the Modern Era, 1984.

Lippit, Noriko Mizuta. Reality and Fiction in Modern Japanese Literature, 1980.

Petersen, Gwenn Boardman. The Moon in the Water: Understanding Tanizaki, Kawabata, and Mishima, 1979.

Ueda, Makoto. Modern Japanese Writers and the Nature of Literature, 1976.

Yamanouchi, Hisaaki. The Search for Authenticity in Modern Japanese Literature, 1978.