Themes and Meanings (Masterplots II: American Fiction Series, Revised Edition)
A Thousand Acres is not only a modern-day retelling of the King Lear story, it is a rethinking of the story as well. Each of the major characters in the novel corresponds to a character from the play, often sharing the same first letter of their names: Ginny/Goneril, Rose/Regan, Larry/Lear, Caroline/Cordelia. Jane Smiley’s purpose, however, is to reexamine the dynamics of the play’s relationships and work against the reader’s expectations in her portrayal of the novel’s characters.
In its portrait of an aging king who decides to divide his kingdom among his three daughters and soon finds himself displaced and ill-treated by the elder two after he has cast out their sister for her honesty, King Lear demonstrates clearly that its sympathies lie with Lear and his youngest daughter, Cordelia. Smiley, however, refuses to accept the play at face value. She has remarked, “I never bought the conventional interpretation that Goneril and Regan were completely evil,” adding that Shakespeare’s version “is not the whole story.” In her retelling of the story, Larry Cook has been as ruthless and controlling in his treatment of his daughters as he is in his acquisition of land; in his eyes, both are his property.
In the case of Ginny and Rose, this extends to incest, an act that has more to do with power than with sexual desire. Its effect on the two sisters has shaped their adult lives and is the underlying factor...
(The entire section is 558 words.)
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