Thomas Michael Keneally (kuh-NEE-lee), one of Australia’s best-regarded and most prolific writers, was born to Catholic parents of Irish ancestry. He was educated at St. Patrick’s College in Strathfield, New South Wales, and studied first for the priesthood—the young priest in Three Cheers for the Paraclete reflects Keneally’s training, and Keneally’s Catholicism pervades his novels—and later for a law career. He taught in a high school in Sydney from 1960 to 1964 before marrying Judith Martin in 1965, a year after he had published his first novel, The Place at Whitton. Keneally later disparaged this novel, as well as the second, The Fear, which he has termed the “obligatory” account of a novelist’s childhood. Despite his later disdain for these early novels, they won critical acclaim (the Miles Franklin Award in 1967 and 1968, and the Captain Cook Bi-Centenary Prize in 1970) and established Keneally as a leading novelist.
In 1966 and 1968, Keneally’s first two plays were produced, and in 1968 he became a lecturer in drama at the University of New England in New South Wales. His third novel, Bring Larks and Heroes, the account of a young soldier’s exile to Australia, was followed by two novels in the English novel-of-manners tradition. In A Dutiful Daughter, however, he abandoned the realistic psychological novel for an expressionistic portrait of an Australian family with two normal children and a mother and father who from the waist down are half cow and half bull. After A Dutiful Daughter, Keneally retreated from these fantastic extremes, but he has retained his use of myths, fable, and parable.
In his post-1971 novels, he often focuses on historical figures, some of legendary or mythic stature. The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith, more accessible and more popular than A Dutiful Daughter, concerns a half-Aborigine forced into crime; Blood Red, Sister Rose examines the myth associated with Joan of Arc; and Schindler’s Ark (Schindler’s List in the United States) recounts a German industrialist’s...
(The entire section is 875 words.)