Third Intermediate Period Begins in Egypt (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: Political disunity after the New Kingdom left Egypt open to invasion, and the country was successively ruled from Nubia, Assyria, and Persia, until finally conquered by Alexander the Great.
Summary of Event
The Third Intermediate Period (1069-c. 332 b.c.e., which is sometimes broken into the Third Intermediate Period, 1069-644, and the Late Period, 644-c. 332) covers the time between the end of the powerful and centralized New Kingdom government and the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great in 332 b.c.e. Already by the end of the Twentieth Dynasty (1186-1069), Upper Egypt was effectively ruled by a family of High Priests of Amen, a family whose power continued unabated into the Twenty-first Dynasty (1069-945), whose nominal kings ruled from the Nile Delta. There was extensive intermarriage between the two families, and the Twenty-first Dynasty king Psusennes I was the grandson of Ramses XI and the son of Pinedjem, one of the High Priests of Amen.
The kings of the Twenty-first Dynasty were buried at their Delta capital of Tanis. The tomb of Psusennes I, within the precinct of a temple to Amen, is the only intact pharaonic grave ever found (the tomb of Tutankhamen had been looted at least twice). The king was buried in three nested coffins, the outer one pink granite and the middle of black granite, both originally used in the Nineteenth Dynasty, and the inner one of solid silver made for...
(The entire section is 1036 words.)
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