Biography (Magill's Survey of American Literature, Revised Edition)
Terry McMillan was born on October 18, 1951, in Port Huron, Michigan, a largely working-class town northeast of Detroit. Her father, Edward Lewis McMillan, a sanitation worker, was an alcoholic. Her mother, Madeline Tillman McMillan, a hardworking, determined woman, finally tired of being physically abused by her husband and divorced him. He died three years later, at the age of thirty-nine.
As the oldest of the five McMillan children, Terry had more than her share of responsibility. One of the jobs she took in order to contribute to the family income, however, brought her more than the meager $1.25 an hour she earned. When, at sixteen, she started shelving books at a local library, McMillan learned to love books. At first, seeing the classic works by writers such as the German novelist Thomas Mann and New England essayists Henry Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, she assumed that all authors were white. Only when she saw the picture of African American writer James Baldwin on the cover of a novel did she realize that blacks, too, could be writers. Even though she as yet had no idea of becoming a novelist herself, McMillan would come to consider this moment a turning point in her life.
At seventeen, McMillan decided that there was no future for her in Port Huron. Leaving her job as a keypunch operator, she headed for Los Angeles, where she found secretarial work and enrolled at Los Angeles City College. There, in a course on African American classics, she learned for the first time about the richness of her own heritage.
For a writer who was to be preoccupied with relationships, it was appropriate that McMillan’s own first literary effort, a poem, was the result of an unhappy involvement with a man. Soon, she said, words began “turning into sentences.” She decided to major in journalism at the University of California at Berkeley, and she also began writing fiction. In 1976, thanks to the novelist Ishmael Reed, she saw her first short story in print.
It was to be eight years, however, before McMillan’s writing career would begin in earnest. First, she had to defeat her alcoholism and her drug habit, which had already begun to dominate her existence. After graduating from Berkeley in 1979, McMillan moved to New York City and enrolled in a master’s program at...
(The entire section is 987 words.)
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Biography (Magill's Survey of American Literature, Revised Edition)
In a relatively short time, McMillan has established herself as a spokeswoman for a new generation. Although her major characters are black, McMillan’s stories of bright, spunky, ambitious women who have everything they ever wanted—except the love of a good man—have evoked a warm response from women of all races.
McMillan justifies her use of profanity and her often unflattering portraits of men, as well as her inattention to racial and social issues, by insisting that she describes life as she sees it. However, though she is a realist, McMillan is not a pessimist. While her women are often disappointed in the men they love, they do find pleasure in their children, acceptance in their friendships with one another, and strength in family ties.
Terry McMillan was reared near Detroit by working-class parents and later moved to Los Angeles, where she attended community college and read widely in the canon of African American literature. In 1979, at the age of twenty-eight, she received her bachelor of science degree from the University of California, Berkeley. In 1987, she began a three-year instructorship at the University of Wyoming, Laramie, and in 1988 received a coveted fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts. After teaching in Tucson at the University of Arizona from 1990 to 1992, McMillan pursued writing as her full-time career.
The environment in which McMillan’s views were formed prepared her for early marriage and a family, not the life of an intellectual and an artist. Her failure as an adult to meet the expectations of her culture and family created pressures that her work has consistently sought to address. Not surprisingly, her own struggle to adapt to cultural expectations resulted in an emphasis in her work on the tension in relationships between professional and blue-collar blacks, between women and men, and between members of the nuclear family. Mama depicts an acceptance by an intellectual daughter of her flawed mother. Disappearing Acts follows a love affair between a professional, responsible woman and an uneducated tradesman. Waiting to Exhale builds an ambitious collage of images from all three types of relationships.
McMillan’s fiction addresses the archetypal dilemma of the disadvantaged—escaping the limitations imposed by one’s culture and family while trying to preserve the advantages they inevitably offer. This dilemma leads her characters into conflicts of ideology; their struggle is the struggle for truth, their quest the search for meaning.
While some reviewers have attacked McMillan for her use of vulgar language, others have defended its realism and immediacy. The same is true of the explicit sexual references throughout her work, and indeed for her character portrayals themselves. Critics observe that MacMillan’s characters all seem at times to have been exaggerated to achieve a calculated effect. McMillan’s popularity, however, suggests that she understands her craft and that her audience approves her purpose.
Biography (Critical Survey of Long Fiction, Fourth Edition)
Terry McMillan was born on October 18, 1951, in Port Huron, Michigan, to Madeline Washington Tillman, a domestic and auto factory worker, and Edward Lewis McMillan, a blue-collar worker. Her father suffered from tuberculosis and was in a sanitarium during his daughter’s early years. The family included four other children, three girls and a boy. When McMillan was thirteen years old, her parents divorced, so she was essentially raised by her mother, a single parent.
McMillan’s interest in writing began when, at age sixteen, she worked at a library and became an avid reader of such authors as Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Charlotte and Emily Brontë, and Thomas Mann. When she discovered works by African American writer James Baldwin, she realized that black people could be authors, too. At age seventeen, she moved to Los Angeles and enrolled in an African American literature class at Los Angeles City College. There she studied the works of Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Wright, Jean Toomer, and, most significant, Ann Petry; Petry’s novel The Street (1946), which depicts a black heroine’s existence in a harsh urban environment, had an impact on McMillan’s earliest writing.
McMillan’s first efforts at writing were in poetry, and when she was in college, some of her poems were published in campus newspapers. Her formal education included courses in journalism taken at the University of California at Berkeley. Then,...
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Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Terry McMillan, who became known for her insightful inquiry into urban African American life, was born into a working-class family about sixty miles northeast of Detroit, Michigan. Her father, Edward McMillan, suffered from tuberculosis and was often absent from the family because he needed prolonged institutional care. When McMillan was thirteen, her parents divorced; two years later, her father died. Her mother, Madeline Washington Tilman, worked in a variety of odd jobs to support her five children.
As the eldest sibling, much of the familial responsibility fell to McMillan, and as a teenager, she accepted a job in a local library, shelving books. It was an experience that determined her future path, for in the library she discovered not only the pleasures of reading but also the rich heritage of African American literature.
At the age of seventeen Terry McMillan enrolled at Los Angeles City College; she subsequently transferred to the University of California at Berkeley. During her years at Berkeley, McMillan participated in a workshop with the poet Ishmael Reed, who encouraged her to pursue a career in writing. McMillan joined the staff of Black Thoughts, an African American campus newspaper, and published her first short story, “The End.” In 1979 she received a B.S. degree in journalism.
After college McMillan moved to New York and enrolled in a graduate program at Columbia University. She continued to write and became a member of the Harlem Writers’ Guild. During one meeting of the guild, she read a short story that she eventually expanded into her autobiographical first novel, Mama.
Mama, whose protagonist, Mildred Peacock, is a thinly veiled portrait of McMillan’s own mother, depicts a black family’s experiences during the turbulent era of the l960’s and 1970’s. At its core it concerns the irrepressible strength of the main character. The novel could be characterized as twentieth century picaresque, for Mildred Peacock is something of a rogue, doing what she must do to survive and being unrepentant in the end.
McMillan undertook her own promotional campaign for Mama to supplement that of the publishers. She mailed more than three thousand...
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