Taos Rebellion (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Resistance by Hispanics and Indians in New Mexico leads to the first revolt against new U.S. authority.
In the twenty years prior to the outbreak of the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), the northern borderlands frontier of Mexico had undergone profound changes. A breakdown in relations with Native Americans, particularly the Apaches and the Comanches, resulted in such an increase in Native American raids that whole sections of the frontier were depopulated of settlers. Unable to institute effective pacification measures, the national government in Mexico City largely abdicated responsibility for frontier defense to the northern Mexican states and territories, a task few had the resources to implement or maintain. At the same time, U.S. influence in the borderlands was growing. In the province of New Mexico, the opening of the Santa Fe Trail in 1821 increasingly drew north-central Mexico into the economic sphere of the United States; while in Mexican Texas, large-scale U.S. immigration led that area to declare its independence from Mexico in 1835-1836. When the United States annexed Texas in 1845, precipitating the crisis that would lead to war with Mexico, the northern borderlands frontier of Mexico seemed acutely vulnerable to a U.S. takeover.
(The entire section is 1502 words.)
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