Tanzanian-Ugandan War (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: The existence of a cruel regime in Africa and the sovereignty of an African state. Result: Tanzanian victory; Tanzanian troops topple Amin and occupy Uganda.
Idi Amin came to power in Uganda through a military coup on January 25, 1971, when President Milton Obote was attending a Commonwealth Conference in Singapore. Subsequently, Tanzania offered asylum to Obote and to many Ugandans opposed to Amin’s iron, erratic, and notoriously cruel rule in Uganda. Amin’s activities included assassination, murder, and detention of political opponents, the expulsion of Asians, the harassment of foreign nationals, and disrespect for the tripartite regional agreements worked out among Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya, known as the East African Community. It is reported that, by 1977, Amin’s regime had killed 300,000 people. Internationally, Amin’s wrath was aimed mainly at President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, whom he accused of plotting to overthrow his government. On his part, Nyerere had nothing but utter contempt for Amin, whom he called a murderer and an ignorant racist.
In October, 1978, Obote and a few Ugandan exiles crossed the Tanzanian border into Uganda to oust Amin, but met with total disaster and retreated back into Tanzania. Amin accused Tanzania of being a participant in and instigator of the plot. In November, 1978, Amin retaliated by annexing about 1,140 miles of an...
(The entire section is 737 words.)
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