Taliban Begins Wholesale Suppression of Human Rights in Afghanistan (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: The Taliban, an organization of fundamentalist Afghani Muslims, completed their conquest of the country of Afghanistan and inaugurated a regime characterized by a suppression of human rights.
Summary of Event
In 1989, after a ten-year occupation of Afghanistan, the Soviet Union withdrew its military from the country. Three years later, the Soviet-backed Afghan government collapsed, and Afghanistan lapsed into lawlessness and civil war. A new regime may be said to have been established four years later, when on September 27, 1996, an organization known as the Taliban captured the nation’s capital, Kabul. It had already taken the important eastern city of Jalalabad earlier in the month. By the following June, the Taliban controlled two-thirds of the country.
Islamic fundamentalist former students (talib) had founded the Taliban (Taliban Islamic Movement of Afghanistan) in 1994 in Kandahar, in southern Afghanistan. The group of founders, graduates of Pakistani Islamic schools known as madrassas, was led by a one-eyed cleric, Mullah Mohammad Omar, then in his early thirties. The Taliban sought an Islamic revolution, based on strict adherence to the traditional Islamic legal code known as Shari’a. Their stated aim was the creation of a “pure and clean Islamic state.”
The Taliban’s founding leadership had attended fundamentalist Islamic schools while living...
(The entire section is 2189 words.)
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