Taiwan’s Nationalist Party Is Voted Out (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: Chen Shui-bian, leader of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), was elected president of the Republic of China (Taiwan) with 39 percent of the popular vote, defeating an independent and a candidate from the Nationalist Party.
The Taiwanese Presidency
In the constitution adopted in 1947, the president and vice president of the Republic of China (Taiwan) were to be elected for six-year terms by the national assembly. The first person elected president was Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang. When the Nationalists suffered defeat by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on mainland China and fled to Taiwan in 1949, the Nationalist Party declared martial law on the island and banned those opposition parties of which it disapproved. Protected by a Mutual Defense Treaty with the United States between 1952 and 1979, the Nationalist Party made educational, social, and economic reforms that resulted in rapid economic growth. Political reforms granting greater freedom and democratization followed in the 1980’s under President Chiang Ching-kuo. They culminated in the lifting of martial law and constitutional amendments to allow direct elections for president and vice president. The first popular election for president was held in 1996; Lee Teng-hui of the Nationalist Party won.
The 2000 Presidential Election
Because both the original and amended...
(The entire section is 890 words.)
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