Tadeusz Kościuszko (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Kościuszko, a foreign volunteer during the American Revolution, designed fortifications and fought in sieges. He later served Poland in battles against Russia.
Tadeusz Kościuszko attended the newly formed Knights School in Warsaw in 1746 and studied in France in 1769. He returned to Poland but was unhappy with conditions there and decided to leave and offer his services to the American Continental Army in the American Revolution. He was commissioned by the Continental Congress on October 19, 1776, as a colonel of engineers. His first assignments were to design and build Fort Mercer on the Delaware River. He was then assigned to General Horatio Gates’s army. He built the fortifications at Saratoga, which contributed greatly to the American victory there in 1777. His next assignment was to design and construct the first fortifications at West Point. Kościuszko went on to serve under General Nathanael Greene on the southern front. Greene made him chief of transport and expanded his duties to include cavalry commander and a stint as an intelligence officer. He served at the Siege of Ninety-six (1781) and Charleston, South Carolina. He ended the war as a brigadier general.
Kościuszko returned to Poland in 1784. He was given the rank of major general and led Polish troops against invading Russians in 1792, fighting at Zielence and Dubienka (both 1792). Kościuszko resigned his...
(The entire section is 554 words.)
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