Characters Discussed

(Great Characters in Literature)

Gottlieb Zürn

Gottlieb Zürn (GOHT-leeb tsewrn), a real estate broker living in the Lake Constance area of southern Germany. He is almost fifty years old and is haunted by a sense of failure and inadequacy in business and family life. He feels harassed by the details of everyday living (such as car insurance) and troubled by inopportune lust. He likes to speculate about the real ages of his acquaintances. People and events in the novel are seen through his eyes, although this is a third-person narrative. His rival real estate agents seem far wealthier and more stylish, enterprising, and successful than he is. He appears less likely than them to obtain the coveted sole agency to sell a magnificent art-nouveau villa on the lake where Gottlieb, who writes poetry, likes to linger in useless melancholy. At parties, he is likely to lose his head in efforts to entertain the company, so that his indiscretions haunt him afterward. On one occasion, he makes extravagant purchases while failing to call on a client through loss of nerve. In family affairs, he believes that he is an inadequate father to his four daughters. He is hot-tempered and impatient in his dealings with them and fails to provide support in their times of need (for example, pregnancy and a wish to “drop out”). He observes that his wife, who bears the brunt of family difficulties, is also more effective than he is at selling real estate. The final discovery that the villa is being demolished at the hands of a rival agent leaves him battered and resigned.

Anna Zürn

Anna Zürn, Gottlieb’s wife, who is burdened with family cares, which include tending a daughter (one of four) who is inexplicably ill. She has a tenacious memory for detail and is perhaps a better agent than her husband. She fends off Gottlieb’s amorous advances, often using sobering information for this purpose.

Regina Zürn

Regina Zürn, their daughter, who is mysteriously ill, often in the hospital....

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The Swan Villa The Characters

(Literary Essentials: World Fiction)

Gottlieb Zürn is not a business genius. He is a modestly talented man with a lower-middle-class background, that is, with lingering dreams and aspirations that can never be realized. He hopes for social advancement and monetary success, yet he does not deserve them and does not know how to achieve them. His present domestic problems (his eldest daughter’s pregnancy and unfinished education and the other daughters’ lack of ambition, success, and vitality) are indeed troublesome. Still, with the image of the Swan Villa before him, its acquisition as a listing becomes an obsession, representing simultaneously his secret goals of success and a positive self-image. Gottlieb would be happiest in a childish existence, free from responsibility and the accompanying social pressures; he is insecure and would prefer to spend his days listing old farmhouses rather than competing with his sophisticated rivals, Schatz and Kaltammer. Yet his deserved inferiority complex is suppressed by his hopes and dreams.

One trenchant example of Gottlieb’s hidden desires is his recurring erotic fantasies. During one of his shopping sprees, he buys a Polaroid camera in the hope of introducing it to his wife to spice up their sex life; needless to say, he does not have the courage to broach the subject with her, and the right moment does not occur naturally. In social situations, he cannot help but secretly admire the physical attributes of attractive females, though, again, he is powerless to act; because of his bourgeois insecurities (and his sincere devotion to his wife), he is completely incapable of an adulterous...

(The entire section is 657 words.)

The Swan Villa Bibliography

(Great Characters in Literature)

Doane, Heike A. “Martin Walsers Ironiebegriff,” in Monatshefte. LXXVII (1985), pp. 195-212.

Kaes, Anton. “Portrat Martin Walser,” in The German Quarterly. LVII (1984), pp. 432-449.

Parkes, K.S. “Crisis and New Ways: The Recent Development of Martin Walser,” in New German Studies. I (1973), pp. 85-98.

Parkes, Stuart. “Martin Walser: Social Critic or Heimatkunstler,” in New German Studies. X (1982), pp. 67-82.

Pickar, Gertrud B. “Narrative Perspective in the Novels of Martin Walser,” in The German Quarterly. XLIV (1971), pp. 48-57.

Thomas, R. Hinton. “Martin Walser: The Nietzsche Connection,” in German Life and Letters. XXXV (1982), pp. 319-328.