Biography (Dictionary of World Biography: The 19th Century)
Article abstract: A gifted and relentless worker for feminist causes, Anthony was for five decades the preeminent voice and inspiration of the women’s suffrage movement.
Susan Brownwell Anthony was born on February 15, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts, the second child of Daniel and Lucy Read Anthony. Her mother, a sullen, withdrawn woman, grudgingly accepted her domestic role as housewife and mother of six. The girl loved but pitied her mother, and learned from her more what to avoid than emulate. Her father, in contrast, always loomed large in his daughter’s eyes. A radical Quaker, Daniel Anthony was liberal in creed and illiberal toward those who tolerated the social evils that he so adamantly despised. Strong-willed and independent of mind, Daniel Anthony taught his children to be firm in their convictions and to demonstrate their love for God by working for human betterment.
As an owner of a small cotton mill, Daniel Anthony had the means to provide for his daughter’s education. A precocious child, Anthony took full advantage of her opportunities, first attending the village school and later receiving private instruction from a tutor hired by her father. At age seventeen, Anthony left with her older sister Guelma for a Quaker boarding school in Philadelphia. Anthony’s seminary training, however, was cut short by the Panic of 1837. With mounting business debts, Daniel Anthony was forced...
(The entire section is 2309 words.)
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Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Susan B. Anthony, the United States’ greatest champion for the rights of women, was an author, editor, and publisher as well as a leading figure in the most important early chronicle of the suffragist movement. Her dedication to equality for women, especially at the ballot box, evolved out of her childhood exposure to the temperance movement and the abolition of slavery. Anthony’s humanitarian characteristics were inherited from her father, a Quaker who was a staunch temperance worker and who befriended and supported the great abolitionists of his time, Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison. Despite early ventures into the causes espoused by her father, Anthony eventually found her calling in the cause for women’s rights.
Anthony did not “convert” to woman suffrage until she was past the age of thirty, and she was greatly influenced by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, a pioneer suffragist. Together these two women led, both physically and spiritually, the suffragist movement for more than fifty years. This harnessing of talent also led to a great literary work, which became the definitive history of the women’s rights movement in the nineteenth century, History of Woman Suffrage.
Stanton and Anthony, so very much alike in spirit and yet so very opposite in their personal lives, founded a newspaper, The...
(The entire section is 732 words.)