Surgical biopsies (Salem Health: Cancer)
Cancers diagnosed or treated: Various, including breast cancer, bone cancer, carcinoid tumors, germ-cell tumors, liver cancer, lung cancer, sarcoidosis, Hodgkin disease, myasthenia gravis, neurogenic tumors, thymic cancer and thymomas, malignant mesothelioma, mediastinal tumors, pericardial tumors, lymphoma, skin cancer, and thyroid cancer
Why performed: Surgical biopsies are performed to diagnose a variety of conditions and to assess the degree of organ damage (disease staging). Surgical biopsies may be performed when abnormalities are found during other tests such as an ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or a nuclear scan. Surgical biopsies also may be performed to determine the cause of unexplained symptoms or to match organ tissue before a transplant.
An excisional biopsy may be used to remove some types of tumors or suspected cancers that need to be entirely removed for an accurate diagnosis, such as the removal of lymph nodes to accurately diagnose lymphoma. A surgical biopsy procedure also may be recommended when other, less invasive biopsy procedures do not provide conclusive results for an accurate diagnosis to be made.
Patient preparation: Preprocedure tests may include a chest X ray, electrocardiogram (EKG), CT, MRI, and other imaging tests. Urine tests and blood tests are performed before the procedure to evaluate the...
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For Further Information (Salem Health: Cancer)
DeVita, Vincent, Jr., Samuel Hellman, Steven A. Rosenberg, et al., eds. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005.
McPhee, Stephen J., Maxine A. Papadakis, and Lawrence M. Tierney, eds. Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2008. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2007.
Ota, D. M. “What’s New in General Surgery: Surgical Oncology.” Journal of the American College of Surgeons 196, no. 6 (2003): 926-932.
Skandalakis, John E., Panajiotis N. Skandalakis, and Lee John Skandalakis. Surgical Anatomy and Technique: A Pocket Manual. 2d ed. New York: Springer, 2000.
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Other Resources (Salem Health: Cancer)
American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org
American Pathology Foundation. http://www.apfconnect.org
College of American Pathologists. http://www.cap.org
National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov
Radiology Info, provided by the American College of Radiology and the Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org
Society of Interventional Radiology. http://www.sirweb.org
Society for Hematopathology. http://socforheme.org
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