Study Guide

The Sun Also Rises

by Ernest Hemingway

The Sun Also Rises Summary

Overview

Summary of the Novel
The novel opens with an introduction to Robert Cohn, an insecure Jewish man whose relationships with women have lead to disastrous affairs. After his divorce, he meets Frances, who convinces him to travel to Europe. After three years with her, Cohn has written a novel, goes to America, and gets it accepted by a publisher. While he is there, attention from other women raises his confidence and makes him lose interest in Frances.

After he returns to Europe, his dissatisfaction with his life grows when he becomes smitten with Brett, a woman with whom Jake is also in love. She and Jake can never move beyond a platonic relationship, though, because of a war injury that left Jake impotent.

Robert changes when he falls in love with Brett. He no longer cares about tennis, sends Frances away, and has conflicts with people. Brett and Robert have an affair in San Sebastian, and Jake begins to despise Robert.

The group decides to go to Spain to fish. Bill, Robert, and Jake go ahead to get equipment and rooms and plan for Brett and Mike to join them later in Pamplona. Robert nervously awaits Brett’s arrival. He goes to the station in case she shows up. When she does not, he does not go fishing in case Brett went to San Sebastian to meet him. Robert disgusts Bill and Jake. They go to Burguete and fish for five days before returning.

When they go to Pamplona, they stay at the Hotel Montoya, which is owned by Juanito Montoya. He respects Jake because of his passion, or afición, for bullfighting. The hotel is the meeting place for aficiónados and has pictures of only aficiónado bullfighters on the wall.

In Pamplona, Robert follows Brett constantly. The first day of the fiesta, streets become crowded with people drinking and partying. Releasing the bulls signals the beginning of the bullfights.

The next day the bullfights begin. Montoya introduces Bill and Jake to Romero, the newcomer. They are impressed with him as an aficiónado. At the bullfight, spectators are impressed with his skills, but Brett with his attractiveness.

The next day Romero steals the show. Montoya shows his protectiveness for Romero when the American ambassador wants Romero to join him for coffee. Montoya expresses concern that this attention may spoil Romero. Jake agrees and suggests Montoya lose the message. However, when Brett insists on being introduced and confides to Jake she has fallen in love with Romero, Jake violates his afición and arranges their affair.

When Jake returns to the group without Brett, Robert panics. When Robert finds Brett is with Romero, Robert calls Jake a “pimp” as he hits him. Robert finds Brett in Romero’s room and nearly kills him, but Romero does not quit. After Brett lambasts him, Robert begins crying and apologizes to Romero and later to Jake. He leaves Pamplona in the morning.

The next morning is the final day of the fiesta. As bulls are running the streets into the ring, one man gets gored. The president’s attendance brings pomp and circumstance. Brett, radiantly in love with Romero, sits with Jake and Bill at the bullring. She shows adoration and concern for Romero although she says his people disapprove of her. Romero hands his gold-brocade cape to his sword-handler to give to Brett.

Belmonte, the first fighter, kills his bull without much drama. Romero fights next. He works perfectly, though he is still injured from Robert’s beating. The bull does not see well, and the crowd wants another bull. Marcial fights next, and the crowd responds ecstatically.

Romero’s last bull is the one that had killed the man. He works smoothly and efficiently at both killing the bull and pleasing the crowd. He gives the ear to Brett.

After the bullfight, the fiesta winds down. Brett leaves with Romero, and everyone else goes his own way. Jake stays one night in Bayonne before leaving for San Sebastian. After three days he receives cables from Brett that she is in Madrid and needs help.

When Jake arrives, Brett cries and tells him she sent Romero away because she knew she was no good for him. He had been ashamed of her. Romero had offered her money, but she could not take it. She decides to go back to Mike. As the story ends, she bemoans that she and Jake could have been good together. Jake realizes it is only a nice dream.

The novel, written in a narrative frame, is divided into three books. Book I includes Chapters 1–7 and is set in Paris. This is often considered Hemingway’s wasteland, which represents the lifestyle of the “lost generation.” It builds main characters and ends with Brett going off to San Sebastian for a liaison with Robert.

Book II includes Chapters 8–18 and is set in Spain, the possible corrective values for Paris’ lifestyle. Here, the group goes for fishing and bullfighting. Here Jake demonstrates then violates his values. There is still lots of drinking and sex. At the end of the book, Brett has left for a liaison with Romero.

Book III includes only Chapter 19, is still set in Spain, and is winding down. The fiesta is over and there is no more partying. The focus in this chapter is on Jake, who goes off without any of his friends to regain his values. He is called to Madrid at the end. Although the novel begins with development of Robert Cohn, it ends without reference to him—as if he were obliterated from life. Brett will end with Mike.

The Life and Work of Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, in 1899 to Dr. and Mrs. Clarence Hemingway. His mother was musically gifted and religious, but he did not follow his mother’s musical ambitions for him. Rather, he shared his father’s interests in hunting and fishing. In school he took up boxing.

He began his journalism career in 1917. During World War I he fought in the Italian infantry. Sustaining serious wounds caused him to treasure life, fear death, and handle himself well in the face of danger. He was a Red Cross ambulance driver until he was wounded. He returned home after falling in love and being rejected by the nurse who cared for him.

In 1921, Hemingway married for the first time and went to Paris where he joined a coterie of other literary minds, including Ezra Pound Edna St. Vincent Millay, John Dos Passos F. Scott Fitzgerald Gertrude Stein and others. His first book, Three Stories and Ten Poems, was published in Paris in 1923. During this time he also frequented Spain and became familiar with bullfights and fiestas, which later provided material for books.

In 1926 he divorced his first wife and married again the next year. With publication of The Sun Also Rises in 1926, Hemingway became a distinguished writer of his time. This book was declared the voice of the “lost generation.”

In the 1930s, Hemingway settled in Key West and later Cuba, but still traveled to Spain, Italy, and Africa. He published several novels during this decade. In 1940, he divorced his second wife and married his third. In 1945, he divorced his third wife and married for a final time in 1946.

In 1953 he won the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea, his most popular work. In 1954 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature “for his powerful, style-forming mastery of the art of narration.” He has been named one of the most powerful influences on the American short story and novel.

In 1960 he was institutionalized for bouts of paranoia and depression and received electroshock treatments. They were unsuccessful, though, and he committed suicide in Ketchum, Idaho, in 1961. His father had also committed suicide.

Estimated Reading Time

An average reader can read the book in six to seven hours. A more careful reading will take longer because of unfamiliar terms and places. It is difficult to read in one sitting.

The Sun Also Rises Summary (Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Jake Barnes meets Robert Cohn in Paris shortly after World War I. Somehow Jake always thinks Cohn typical of the place and the time. Cohn, the son of wealthy Jewish parents, was once the middleweight boxing champion of Princeton, and he never wants anyone to forget that fact. After leaving college, he married and lived unhappily with his wife until she ran off with another man. Then, he met some writers in California and decided to start a little, arty review. He also met Frances Clyne, who became his mistress. When Jake knows Cohn, he and Frances are living unhappily in Paris, where Cohn is writing his first novel. Cohn writes and boxes and plays tennis, and he is always careful not to mix his friendships. A man named Braddocks is his literary friend. Jake is his tennis friend.

Jake is an American newspaperman who fought with the Italians during the war. His own private tragedy is a war wound that emasculated him so that he can never marry Lady Brett Ashley, a young English war widow with whom he is in love. So as not to think too much about himself, Jake spends a lot of time listening to the troubles of his friends and drinking heavily. When he grows tired of Paris, he goes on fishing trips to the Basque country or to Spain for the bullfights.

One night, feeling lonely, Jake asks Georgette, a prostitute, to join him in a drink at the Café Napolitain. They dine on the Left Bank, where Jake meets a party of his friends, including Cohn and Frances. Later, Brett comes in with a group of young men. Cohn is attracted to her, and Frances is jealous. Brett refuses to dance with Cohn, however, saying that she has a date with Jake in Montmartre. Leaving a fifty-franc note with the café proprietor for Georgette, Jake leaves in a taxi with Brett for a ride to the Parc Montsouris. They talk for a time about themselves without mentioning Jake’s injury, though they both think of it. At last, Brett asks Jake to drive her back to the Café Select.

The next day, Cohn corners Jake and asks him about Brett. Later, after drinking with Harvey Stone, another expatriate, on the terrace of the Café Select, Jake meets Cohn and Frances, who announces that her lover is dismissing her by sending her off to London. She abuses and taunts Cohn while he sits quietly without replying. Jake is embarrassed. The same day, he receives a telegram from his old friend Bill Gorton, announcing his arrival on the France. Brett goes on a trip to San Sebastian with Cohn; she thinks the excursion will be good for him.

Jake and Bill plan to go to Spain for the trout fishing and the bullfights at Pamplona. Michael Campbell, an Englishman whom Brett is to marry, also arrives in Paris. He and Brett arrange to join Jake and Bill at Pamplona. Because Cohn went to San Sebastian with Brett and because she is now staying with Mike Campbell, everyone feels that it would be awkward if Cohn accompanied Jake and Bill on their trip. Nevertheless, he decides to join them at Bayonne. The agreement is that Jake and Bill will first go trout fishing at Burguete in the mountains. Later, the whole party will meet at the Montoya Hotel in Pamplona for the fiesta.

When Jake and Bill arrive in Bayonne, they find Cohn awaiting them. Hiring a car, they drive on to Pamplona. Montoya, the proprietor of the hotel, is an old friend of Jake because he recognizes Jake as a true aficionado of bullfights. The next morning, Bill and Jake leave by bus for Burguete, both riding atop the ancient vehicle with several bottles of wine, amid an assortment of Basque passengers. At Burguete, they enjoy good fishing in the company of an Englishman named Wilson-Harris.

Once back in Pamplona, the whole party gathers for the festival of San Fermín. The first night they go to see the bulls come in and the men let the savage animals out of the cages one at a time. Much wine makes Mike loquacious and he harps on the fact that Cohn joined the group knowing he is not wanted. At noon on Sunday, the fiesta explodes. The carnival continues for seven days. Dances, parades, religious processions, the bullfights, and much wine furnish the excitement of that hectic week. Staying at the Montoya Hotel is Pedro Romero, a bullfighter about twenty years old, who is extremely handsome. At the fights, Romero acquits himself well, and Brett falls in love with him, as she admits to Jake with embarrassment. Brett and the young man meet at the hotel, and Romero soon becomes interested in her.

Besides the bullfights, the main diversion of the group is drunken progress from one drinking spot to another. While they are in the Café Suizo, Jake tells Cohn that Brett went with the bullfighter to his room. Cohn swings at both Mike and Jake and knocks them down. After the fight, Cohn apologizes, crying all the while. He cannot understand how Brett could go off with him to San Sebastian one week and then treat him like a stranger the next time they meet. He plans to leave Pamplona the next morning.

The next morning, Jake learns that after the fight Cohn went to Romero’s room and, when he found Brett and the bullfighter there together, beat Romero badly. In spite of his swollen face and battered body, Romero performs beautifully in the ring that day, dispatching a bull that had recently killed another torero. That night, after the fights, Brett leaves Pamplona with Romero. Jake gets very drunk.

As the fiesta ends, the party disperses. Bill goes back to Paris and Mike to Saint Jean de Luz. Jake is in San Sebastian when he receives a wire from Brett asking him to come to the Hotel Montana in Madrid. Taking the express, Jake meets her the next day. Brett is alone. She sent Romero away, she says, because she thinks she is not good for him. Then, without funds, she sent for Jake. She decided to go back to Mike, she tells Jake, because the Englishman is her own sort.

After dinner, Jake and Brett ride around in a taxi, seeing the sights of Madrid. This, Jake reflects wryly, is one of the few ways they can ever be alone together—in bars and cafés and taxis. Both know the ride is as purposeless as the war-wrecked world in which they live, as aimless as the drifting generation to which they belong.

The Sun Also Rises Summary (Masterpieces of American Literature)

Hemingway’s characters in The Sun Also Rises are much like the people with whom he came into daily contact in Paris in the early 1920’s. A large group of expatriates, labeled by Stein “the lost generation,” lived by their wits, by what jobs they could find, or by handouts from home. So it is with the characters in Hemingway’s novel.

The story revolves around two Americans—Jake Barnes, a newspaperman whose war injury has made him impotent, and Robert Cohn, who boxed well enough at Princeton University that he became the university’s middleweight boxing champ. Cohn, the son of a wealthy Jewish family, married when he left college and lived combatively with his wife until she left him for someone else. Then he drifted to California and salved his postmarital wounds by founding an avant-garde review and settling in with Frances Clyne as his mistress.

Cohn and Frances are living in Paris when Jake first meets him, shortly after the armistice. Cohn has come to Paris to work on his first novel. He has a social life that includes his writing but that compartmentalizes his two other principal activities, boxing and tennis. Cohn’s groups of friends do not spill over onto one another. His boxing friends are his boxing friends. They know neither his tennis friends nor his friends who read and write. Cohn’s life is neatly arranged.

Jake is in love with a British war widow, Lady Brett Ashley, but his impotence makes marriage unthinkable for them. Jake sublimates by listening to his friends complain while he sits in bars drinking enormously. When this life begins to wear on him, Jake escapes to the Pyrenees and luxuriates in trout fishing in the fast-moving streams of the Basque country, or he goes to Spain for the bullfights, of which he is an aficionado.

One dismal night, Jake takes a prostitute to the Café Napolitain for a drink and conversation. They go on to have dinner at a restaurant on the Left Bank, where they happen upon Robert Cohn and Frances, as well as some of Jake’s other friends. In the course of the evening, Lady Brett comes in, trailing young swains behind her. It is soon evident that Robert Cohn is much taken by her. Lady Brett rebuffs Robert, refusing to join him for dinner, saying that she has a date with Jake. She and Jake leave together. They avoid any mention of Jake’s emasculating injury, but it is clearly on both of their minds, setting up the tension necessary to the story.

Cohn later asks Jake questions about Lady Brett. He also, conveniently, sends Frances to England, against her will. Jake’s friend Bill Gorton is about to arrive by steamship from the States. Robert Cohn and Lady Brett go off to San Sebastian in the Basque country after Brett convinces Robert that he needs a change.

Jake decides to take his visitor to Spain for trout fishing and to see the running of the bulls and the bullfights at Pamplona. The plot thickens when Brett’s former fiancé, Michael Campbell, arrives in Paris from Britain. He and Brett have arranged to meet Jake and Bill in Pamplona for the bullfights. This leaves Robert Cohn in San Sebastian by himself. Never one to fade quietly into the background, Cohn joins the party in Bayonne. Then they all are to meet in Pamplona for the bullfight. When Bill and Jake get to Bayonne, Cohn is waiting for them.

They continue to Pamplona, and the next morning Bill and Jake take the bus to Burgette, riding on top of it, sharing their wine with the Basque peasants who ride with them. This is one of the most colorful and memorable scenes in the book, one in which Hemingway captures and depicts local color with such an astounding veracity that many people, having read The Sun Also Rises, have gone to the Basque country to try to relive some of what Hemingway depicted in it, including this bus ride.

The three men finally get to Pamplona, where Mike and Brett are staying. It is apparent that Robert Cohn is not welcome, and Mike Campbell does little to disguise his annoyance. Finally, however, the festivities are sufficient to distract their attention from their rivalry. The bullfight is magnificent. The torero, Pedro Romero, is brilliant, and Lady Brett, never one to linger long over any one man, falls in love with him even before she meets him. Soon after she meets him, she takes him to her room.

Jake and Bill, meanwhile, are drinking heavily. Jake tells the drunken Cohn that Brett has gone off with the torero, and Cohn strikes his two companions, knocking them both to the floor. He soon apologizes and breaks down in tears. He is totally confused by Brett and decides to leave for Paris the next day. He is not to depart without having his satisfaction, however, so he bursts in upon Brett and her new conquest. He beats Romero badly but not enough to keep him from performing magnificently in the next day’s bullfight. The party disperses, and Jake lands in San Sebastian alone. Brett sends him a telegram asking that he come to her in Madrid, where she also is alone and without any money. She has decided to go back to Mike because they have similar backgrounds. She and Jake ride around Madrid in a taxi, while Brett fantasizes about how good it could have been for the two of them had Jake not been injured in the war.

Hemingway has depicted the pointless, purposeless wandering of the lost generation. He has captured their ennui and their dislocatedness. In a way, Robert Cohn’s striking out at people is the manifestation of what Jake might be doing over his anger at having been wounded in the way he was. Jake, however, has accepted the inevitable and has learned to live with what he cannot change.

The Sun Also Rises Extended Summary

First published in 1926, The Sun Also Rises concerns a group of Americans living in Europe during the 1920s. The narrator and principal character is Jake Barnes, a newspaper correspondent. The leading female character is Lady Brett Ashley. In the course of the novel, we learn that her husband, a British officer, was killed in World War I and that she was a nurse in the hospital where Jake Barnes was sent after he suffered a disabling injury in combat. Serving as the narrative voice throughout, Jake begins the story by talking about his past and current relationship to another character, Robert Cohn, who will subsequently figure in the plot but who is not the novel’s protagonist. Jake tells us that Cohn comes from a wealthy...

(The entire section is 1234 words.)

The Sun Also Rises Overview

The First World War, with its chemical weaponry and trench warfare, killed millions of soldiers and shattered the ideals of countless...

(The entire section is 219 words.)

The Sun Also Rises Summary and Analysis

Book I, Chapter 1 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Robert Cohn: Princeton grad; Jake’s tennis partner; Frances’ lover

Jake Barnes: narrator

Frances: Robert’s girlfriend

Braddocks: Robert’s literary friend

Spider Kelly: Robert’s college boxing coach; only mentioned in story

Summary
Robert Cohn is introduced as an integral character whose life is filled with insecurities. At Princeton, he had taken up boxing as a defense mechanism for insecurities of being Jewish. He was overmatched and got his nose flattened, which made him dislike boxing but like the power his skill could give him. No one from school remembers him.

His shyness made him marry...

(The entire section is 1117 words.)

Book I, Chapter 2 Summary and Analysis

Summary
Robert goes to America and gets his book accepted by an American publisher. While he is there, attention from several women raises his self-confidence. This also makes him lose interest in Frances, since he realizes he has something to offer women.

He reads The Purple Land by W. H. Hudson. This describes imaginary romantic adventures that Robert takes as gospel. These things combined make him dissatisfied with his life, so he tries to talk Jake into a trip to South America. Jake refuses because he not only likes Paris but also goes to Spain in the summer.

Jake and Robert go for a drink. Robert regrets that his life is half over. He does not...

(The entire section is 471 words.)

Book I, Chapter 3 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Georgette Hobin: a Paris prostitute

Mr. and Mrs. Braddocks: Cohn’s literary friends

Brett: Jake’s friend who is a sexually free alcoholic

Robert Prentiss: a rising novelist with the Braddocks

Lett: a homosexual who comes to the Bal with Brett and dances with Georgette

Madame Lavigne: proprietress/hostess/waitress at Foyot’s Restaurant

Summary
After Robert leaves the Napolitain, Georgette, a prostitute, walks past and begins a conversation with Jake. They go to dinner. While they are in the cab, Georgette begins to kiss Jake and puts her hand on his genitals. He stops her by saying he is sick. He...

(The entire section is 912 words.)

Book I, Chapter 4 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Mike Campbell: Brett’s fiance; rich but on an allowance; an alcoholic

Count Mippipopolous: a fat count at the Cafe Select

Zizi: a Greek portrait painter

Mr. and Mrs. Aloysius Kirby: send Jake a wedding announcement

Katherine Kirby: daughter who is getting married

Patronne’s daughter: owner of Cafe Select’s daughter who fights with Georgette

Madame Duzinell: concierge in Jake’s Paris flat

Liaison colonel: man in the war who came to see Jake after his war injury

Summary
In the taxi, Jake kisses Brett and she pushes far away from him. When he questions her, she says she...

(The entire section is 911 words.)

Book I, Chapters 5-6 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Woolsey: a reporter from the press conference

Krum: a reporter from the press conference

Harvey Stone: an American; a drunken friend of Jake’s

George: barman at the Hotel Crillon

Robert’s secretary: worked on the magazine with Robert; left her for Frances

Paula: woman who was supposed to meet Frances for lunch

Summary
The next morning Jake walks to his office among the working class. After putting in a good morning at work, he goes to a press conference. On the way back, he shares a taxi with a couple of other reporters. When he returns to the office, Robert is waiting. They go to a restaurant to...

(The entire section is 968 words.)

Book I, Chapter 7 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Baron Mumms: the Count’s friend who makes wine

Henry: the Count’s chauffeur

Summary
Jake escapes to his hotel and finds Brett has been there. Although last night the concierge had thought Brett to be crude, today she says Brett is very gentile. After Jake showers, Brett arrives with Count Mippipopolous, who is one of her admirers.

While Jake is dressing, Brett comes in to see what is wrong with him. He again vows his love to her. Brett sends the Count away for champagne while Jake lies on the bed. He is trying to deal with his apparent arousal and love for Brett but inability to do anything about either of them. He asks her to live...

(The entire section is 1043 words.)

Book II, Chapter 8 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Bill Gorton: Jake’s fishing/bullfighting buddy; writer

Madame Lecomte: proprietor of Paris restaurant on Women’s Club list

Summary
As Book II begins, Jake says he does not see Brett again until she comes back from San Sebastian. He also mentions he does not see Robert during this time and Frances has left for England. Jake finds this break from Robert’s company a good time to prepare for his trip to Spain at the end of June.

Bill Gorton comes to Paris with stories from travels—theater and prize fighting. He leaves for Vienna and Budapest; when he returns, he says he had a wonderful time. He loves Budapest, but his recollections...

(The entire section is 910 words.)

Book II, Chapter 9 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Tourists from Montana (unnamed except for son Hubert): on train to Spain

Priest on Pilgrimage: Catholic priest on train on pilgrimage to Rome

Summary
After the prize fight, Jake receives a cable from Robert saying he will join them on their fishing trip. Jake cables him to meet them in Bayonne. Later when Jake sees Mike and Brett, they ask to go to Spain, too.

Mike leaves, and Jake and Brett are at the bar. When they are alone, Brett asks if Robert is going to Spain with them. She expresses concern and tells Jake she and Robert had been together in San Sebastian. Jake’s sarcastic reaction shows his displeasure with the news. She tells...

(The entire section is 661 words.)

Book II, Chapters 10-11 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Juanito Montoya: Pamplona hotel owner; passionate bullfight enthusiast

Basque: peasant on bus

Summary
The next morning Bill, Robert, and Jake buy fishing equipment. They hire a car and drive toward Pamplona where they wait at the border with armed guards. They see a man who is trying to cross the border waved back with guns. After they are cleared, they drive up into Spain. They climb into the mountains amid streams and fields of grain.

They drive to Pamplona past a grand cathedral and bullring to the Hotel Montoya. After they clean up, they have lunch, a typical Spanish meal with several courses. At lunch Robert at first seems awkward...

(The entire section is 1179 words.)

Book II, Chapter 12 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Wilson Harris: an Englishman staying in Burguete

Bryan: author Bill refers to

Summary
Jake awakens the next morning and lets Bill sleep a while longer while he goes downstairs and to the stream to dig worms for bait. When he goes back to the inn, the proprietor is up. Jake orders coffee and a lunch for the fishing trip before going back to the room.

Bill is already awake. When they go to breakfast, Bill is light-hearted and singing. There is playful bantering, until Bill is afraid he has hurt Jake with a comment about impotence. They gather lunch and wine and go off to fish.

They go across open fields and streams. Finally,...

(The entire section is 832 words.)

Book II, Chapter 13 Summary and Analysis

Summary
One morning at breakfast in Burguete Jake receives a letter from Michael saying they will all meet in Pamplona on Tuesday. He apologizes for being late but says Brett had passed out, so they had to take a few days to recuperate. Jake invites Harris to go with them, but he declines so he can spend the rest of the time fishing.

Later when Bill and Jake are sitting on a bench in front of the inn, a telegram comes from Robert. Jake and Bill are irritated with its brevity, so they send a return telegram that is equally cryptic. Afterward, they tour the local monastery with Harris and go to a pub. Harris really enjoys their company. When he walks them to the bus, he gives them envelopes...

(The entire section is 1677 words.)

Book II, Chapters 14-15 Summary and Analysis

New Character
Pedro Romero: Aficiónado; 19-year-old bullfighter; has an affair with Brett

Summary
Jake, who is drunk, goes to his room and reads for a while until the room does not spin. He hears Brett and Robert come up and go to their separate rooms. Then he hears Mike and Brett talk and laugh. Jake is unable to sleep for thinking about them. Then he begins to philosophize about life, his friends, and morality. Finally, he gets up and reads again.

The next two days the friends are all subdued while the town readies for the fiesta, which is to last seven days. All in the group have different activities. Jake and sometimes Bill watch the activities from the cafe...

(The entire section is 1786 words.)

Book II, Chapter 16 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Edna: Bill’s friend from Biarritz who parties in Pamplona

Marcial Lalanda: a fading bullfighter

Don Manuel Orquito: the fireworks king

Raphael: bullfight critic with Romero

Algabeno: bullfighter hurt in Madrid

Summary
The next morning rain and fog drive the fiesta inside. When Jake goes to his room, Montoya comes to see him. He tells Jake that the American ambassador has sent for Romero and Lalanda to join him for coffee. Montoya expresses concern that, although this action would be good for Lalanda, attention may spoil Romero. Jake suggests Montoya does not give him the message.

After Montoya...

(The entire section is 917 words.)

Book II, Chapter 17 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Charlie Blackman: Edna’s friend from Chicago; just mentioned in the story

Vincente Girones: a 28-year-old man who is gored and killed by a bull

Summary
Jake finds Mike, Bill, and Edna outside a bar. They tell him they were thrown out when they got really drunk. They were in a fight with Englishmen and got rowdy.

They go to a cafe for a drink. Robert comes and asks where Brett is. Jake tries to put him off, but Robert persists. He panics when Jake refuses to tell him; then Mike says Brett has gone off with Romero. Robert gets angry and calls Jake a pimp. Jake swings at Robert, who ducks before hitting Jake. He tries to get up but...

(The entire section is 1134 words.)

Book II, Chapter 18 Summary and Analysis

New Character
Belmonte: a retired bullfighter who returned to the ring

Summary
On the last day of the fiesta, Brett stops by, gets a beer, and asks if Robert has gone. She asks Jake how he feels. She tells him Robert has hurt Romero badly. Mike, who is drinking, has been silent. He starts ridiculing Brett for her affairs with Romero and Robert. Brett asks Jake to take a walk. She is radiant and shows adoration and concern for Romero. She also says his people disapprove of her. They stop in a church to say prayers for Romero.

When they get back to the hotel, she joins Romero in his room for lunch. Jake goes to Mike’s room and finds him trying to sleep off his...

(The entire section is 1150 words.)

Book III, Chapter 19 Summary and Analysis

New Character
Maid: at the Hotel Montana in Spain

Summary
As Book III opens, the fiesta is over. The town is taking down posters and traces of what was. Bill tells Jake he is going back to Paris, but Jake says he will be going to San Sebastian. They pay their bill; then Mike, Bill, and Jake drive into the country.

They stop in Biarritz to have a drink. They keep rolling dice for drinks, and Mike loses. Finally, he says he cannot buy anymore because he is out of money. Mike bemoans his financial woes since his allowance has not come yet. They drive around for a while. Then Mike stays in Saint Jean because he can stay there on credit.

After they part,...

(The entire section is 1298 words.)