Strangers and Brothers series Analysis

C. P. Snow

The Stories

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Time of Hope. It is the summer of 1914, and Lewis Eliot is eight years old. Later, because of his provincial education, he comes to realize his deficiencies as a student. After falling in love with Sheila Knight, he realizes his failings as a lover. Sheila, the beautiful daughter of a self-centered clergyman and a distant mother, knows that she will never love Eliot, but his persistence leads to their marriage.

By 1933, Eliot has acquired an insightful perspective on his ambitions and his need for love. He recognizes that the legal profession does not always bring about justice and that loving someone as self-absorbed as Sheila may be rooted in some basic flaw in his own character.

Strangers and Brothers. Eliot’s mentor, George Passant, a solicitor’s clerk, deeply influences a circle of idealistic students. By attending Passant’s group meetings and college lectures, and through his access to Passant’s diary, Eliot comes to admire certain of his mentor’s activities, such as helping a student retain his college scholarship. However, with time, Eliot becomes increasingly aware of Passant’s limitations, such as his willingness to use his band of so-called brothers to further his own ambitions. He involves them in a scheme for deceiving investors about the circulation figures of a publication, which leads to a charge of fraud. Because Eliot is a member of the group, he gets Herbert Getliffe, a well-respected attorney, to argue the case before a jury, which returns a verdict of not guilty on all counts. Nevertheless, because of revelations about Passant’s liberal views on politics and sexual freedom, Passant loses his job at the college and his chance for advancement in a law firm.

The Conscience of the Rich. It is the 1930’s, and Eliot has qualified as a barrister. In London now, he befriends Charles March, the scion of a prosperous Jewish family, who gives him the chance to see how the rich live and to speculate on their consciences. Charles’s father, Leonard March, wants his son to become a lawyer, but Charles possesses a guilty conscience over his unearned wealth, and he abandons law to study to become a family physician. Eliot is more than willing to use the Marches to gain introductions to important London lawyers, hoping they will provide him with cases, through which he can build his legal reputation.

The Light and the Dark. Eliot, now a don at Cambridge, tells the tragic story of Roy Calvert, a scholar of Manicheanism whose dualistic philosophy divides the world between spirit and matter, good and evil, light and dark. His work also examines the real-world division between those persons motivated by selfishness and greed and those persons inspired by humanistic political and religious ideologies. From the outside, Calvert appears to have everything—wealth, brilliance, good looks, and scholarly success—but on the inside he is plagued by Hamlet-like depressions, which Eliot strives to mitigate, only to be rebuffed. Calvert’s conflicts are brought to a head through his election as a fellow and his fascination with the dramatic successes of the Nazis. Eliot is able to dampen Calvert’s attraction to Nazi power, and he experiences hope when Roy marries and the couple has a child. However, Calvert enlists in the air force, not out of patriotism but to satisfy his death wish.

The Masters. It is 1937, and there is much political maneuvering behind the election of a new master to a Cambridge college in which Eliot is a fellow. Eliot and some of his colleagues back Paul Jago, perceived as sharing their liberal humanist values, and oppose R. T. A. Crawford, a self-confident scientist who, they fear, may govern...

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Strangers and Brothers series Bibliography

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

De la Mothe, John. C. P. Snow and the Struggle of Modernity. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992. Examines Snow’s exploration of the creative (and sometimes destructive) tension among science, technology, and politics.

Greacen, Robert. The World of C. P. Snow. New York: London House & Maxwell, 1962. This first published study of Snow argues that he was a “major talent” as a novelist. Includes a bibliography by Bernard Stone.

Heptonstall, Geoffrey. “Venturing the Real: The Significance of C. P. Snow.” Contemporary Review 290 (Summer, 2008): 224-232. A discussion of Snow’s life and work. Heptonstall describes Snow’s fiction as “the territory of reason in age of excess,” speaking “for decency in a culture of outrage.”

Karl, Frederick R. C. P. Snow: The Politics of Conscience. 1963. Reprint. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1966. Part of the Crosscurrents: Modern Critiques series, this book surveys Snow’s writings up to and including The Affair. Helpful chronologies on the events in Strangers and Brothers and in Snow’s life. Includes an index.

Lewis, Terrance L. C. P. Snow’s “Strangers and Brothers” as Mid-Twentieth-Century History. New York: Peter Lang, 2009. This book, part of the American University Studies series, emphasizes the usefulness of Snow’s novel sequence for an understanding of academic and political life in Britain between 1940 and 1970.

Maniyar, A. K. The Novels of C. P. Snow. New Delhi: Atlantic, 1991. Maniyar’s analysis concentrates on one of Snow’s chief themes, especially in the Strangers and Brothers novels: class struggle in twentieth century England. The author views Snow as a political novelist par excellence.

Shusterman, David. C. P. Snow. 1975. Rev. ed. New York: G. K. Hall, 1999. The author uses controversies engendered by Snow’s comments in his lectures to explore similar themes in Snow’s early novels and in the Strangers and Brothers series. Notes the interest in the series apart from their literary value. Includes notes and references, a selected bibliography, a chronology, and an index.

Thale, Jerome. C. P. Snow. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1965. A survey of Snow’s life and writings, including the first nine novels of the Strangers and Brothers sequence. Includes an interesting concluding chapter on Snow and his critics. Includes references and a bibliography but no index.