Themes and Meanings

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

The most important theme in the story is that of overcoming illusion. Not only the boy but also his entire family avoid facing reality. While it is largely anti-Semitism that leads them to this condition, it is also anti-Semitism in its most vicious form that shocks the boy out of his illusions. The narrator recalls what it was like for him as he lay on the ground with “tender pigeon guts” sliding down over his forehead: “I closed my solitary unstopped-up eye so as not to see the world that spread out before me. This world was tiny and it was awful. A stone lay just before my eyes, a little stone so chipped as to resemble the face of an old woman with a large jaw.” The detail here is so precise that one is convinced that the author experienced it exactly so—and that it was then permanently etched in his memory. These minute details impel the reader to enter the boy’s consciousness.

Still lying on the ground, “in his new overcoat,” the boy hears hoofbeats in the distance—the pogrom: “Somewhere far way Woe rode across [the trampled earth] on a grezt steed.” He becomes aware of the very dirt beneath his nose: “The earth smelled of raw depths, of the tomb, of flowers. I smelled its smell and started crying, unafraid.”

All this description evokes in the reader a perception equal to that of the boy. It has the character of an awakening, a revelation—an epiphany. It includes the disturbing realization that violence and...

(The entire section is 519 words.)