Soviet Union Launches First Five-Year Plan (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Soviet Union launches the First Five-Year Plan, creating a state-controlled economy based on the forcible collectivization of agriculture and government investment in heavy industry.
Summary of Event
The First Five-Year Plan, enunciated by Joseph Stalin in 1928, is the major turning point in the history of the Soviet Union. This plan set the stage for the “Great Change,” a deep revolution that altered the personal lives of the entire population of Russia in a manner not even approached by the 1917 Revolution. It established the economic foundation for the social and political structure of the Soviet Union, which, with insignificant change, lasted until the communist government’s collapse in 1991.
The implementation of the First Five-Year Plan came in the wake of Stalin’s victory in the struggle for leadership of the Russian Communist Party after the death of Vladimir Ilich Lenin in January, 1924. Stalin formed an alliance with Grigori Zinovyev and Lev Kamenev against Leon Trotsky. Having defeated Trotsky, Stalin turned against Zinovyev and Kamenev, charging that their call for rapid industrial growth would endanger the economic recovery which the adoption of the New Economic Policy in 1921 had produced. Stalin now allied himself politically with Nikolai Bukharin, Aleksei Rykov, and Mikhail Tomsky against the “Left Opposition” of Zinovyev and Kamenev.
(The entire section is 1182 words.)
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