(Masterpieces of American Literature)

“Skunk Hour” is the last poem in Life Studies, and as such it was meant to sum up the themes and tone of the collection and suggest some sort of resolution. The first four stanzas portray a decayed Maine coastal town. The “hermit heiress” who should be a leader in the society isolates herself; her main activity is buying up houses near her to ensure her privacy and isolation: “[S]he buys up all/ the eyesores facing her shore,/ and lets them fall.” She contributes to the decay rather than overcoming it by her wealth and position. In the third stanza, “our summer millionaire” has departed, and “[t]he season’s ill.” The change is also suggested by an image: “A red fox stain covers Blue Hill.” The last stanza in this sequence portrays a “fairy decorator” whose trendy and unsuccessful shop is filled with the tools (fishnets and orange cork) that were once used by fishermen. Since “there is no money in his work,/ he’d rather marry.” Love and marriage have become commodities in a once fruitful and organic society that is now sunk in decay.

The next two stanzas shift from an analysis of the society to one person. He is the Lowell speaker, mad and in search of sexual experience. The setting is ominous: “One dark night,” which is not merely the time of day but also an allusion to Saint John of the Cross’s Dark Night of the Soul. The speaker’s car climbs “the hill’s skull” (a reference to Golgotha)...

(The entire section is 583 words.)