(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

In “The Sharping Stone,” Heaney returns to the earthen materials that first composed the subject matter of his poems. The item named in the poem’s title, a sharping stone, is an instrument used to sharpen metal objects like knives, scissors, and axes. This whetstone also recalls blades used by woodsmen to fell trees and by carvers to hew timber into furniture and other objects for human use. In the first stanza, the poet recovers the sharping stone from within an apothecary’s drawer as he packs up the now deceased man’s possessions. Intended as a gift for the older man, its future use is called into question.

In scope, the poem travels from present to past, from Ireland to other countries, and projects into a future time and place: the land of the dead. Engaged in the act of retrieving the whetstone from a cedar drawer, the poet ponders where next to place this tool. In the second stanza, memory guides the poet to a forest park and to two tree trunks “Prepared for launching, at right angles across / A causeway of short fence-posts set like rollers.” A side excursion to the Louvre Museum in Paris temporarily displaces both Ireland and wooden objects from the poem. The poet recalls an Etruscan clay double sarcophagus, one intended for the burial of a married couple. The image on its casing displays husband and wife, two figures recumbent and content. As the stanza closes, the image is revealed to adorn a postcard sent to the father, who...

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The Sharping Stone Bibliography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Allen, Michael, ed. Seamus Heaney. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.

Barge, Laura. “Seamus Heaney: The Crisis of Identity.” Christianity and Literature 55, no. 1 (Autumn, 2005): 139-143.

Bloom, Harold, ed. Seamus Heaney. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2002.

Garratt, Robert, ed. Critical Essays on Seamus Heaney. New York: G. K. Hall, 1995.

Ingelbien, Raphael. “Mapping the Misreadings: Ted Hughes, Seamus Heaney, and Nationhood.” Contemporary Literature 40, no. 4 (Winter, 1999): 623-658.

Jones, Chris. “Old English Escape Routes: Seamus Heaney, the Caedmon of the North.” In Strange Likeness: The Use of Old English in Twentieth Century Poetry. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Malloy, Catharine, and Phyllis Carey, eds. Seamus Heaney: The Shaping Spirit. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1996.

O’Brien, Eugene. Seamus Heaney’s Prose: Search for Answers. Sterling, Va.: Pluto Press, 2003.

Parker, Michael. “From Winter Seeds to Wintering Out: The Evolution of Heaney’s Third Collection.” New Hibernia Review 11, no. 2 (2007): 130-141.

Tobin, Daniel. Passage to the Center: Imagination and the Sacred in the Poetry of Seamus Heaney. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1999.