Timeline of Events
|February 10, 1763 Britain and France sign a treaty ending the French and Indian War and securing British control over Canada and all French territory east of the Mississippi River south of Canada.|
|1763–67 British Parliament passes a series of taxes to pay for the defense of the colonies and asserts greater control over colonial governments. Among the new taxes is the Stamp Act of 1765, which requires colonists to purchase seals to be attached on a wide range of documents.|
|May 29, 1765 Patrick Henry introduces the Virginia Resolutions, which contest Parliament's right to tax the colonies.|
|1765–66 Several colonial legislatures pass "non-importation agreements," restricting the importing of British goods into America.|
|October 1, 1768 Britain sends troops to Boston to enforce import taxes and keep watch on Boston's "radicals."|
|March 5, 1770 In an event that...|
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Words to Know
- The prohibition of slavery.
- A high school or college where special subjects are taught.
- A belief that farming is the most respectable way of life and should remain the most important sector of the nation's economy.
- A person who holds citizenship in one country but resides in a different country.
- An agreement of mutual aid between groups or nations.
- A formal change to a legal document, such as the U.S. Constitution.
- American Revolution:
- The American colonies' battle to achieve independence from Great Britain that took place from 1775 to 1783.
- Those who opposed the U.S. Constitution during its ratification process in 1787 and 1788 because they preferred to have a weak central government with most governing powers held by the states.
(The entire section is 2520 words.)
Research and Activity Ideas
The following research and activity ideas are intended to offer suggestions for complementing studies on early American history, to trigger additional ideas for enhancing learning, and to provide cross-disciplinary projects for Internet, library, and classroom use.
Comparison of Constitutions: Create a comparison chart of America's first and second constitutions—the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution. Keep in mind that under the Articles of Confederation: (1) there was no executive (presidential) branch; (2) there was no judicial (courts) branch; (3) Congress was unicameral (one legislative house); (4) each of the thirteen states had one vote in Congress; (5) in order to amend the Articles, all thirteen states had to cast a favorable vote for the change; and (6) Congress could not tax citizens. Obtain a copy of the U.S. Constitution approved by the states by mid-1788. Locate and record where in the Constitution each of the points listed above is addressed. Record the change made by the new Constitution.
Confederation money problems: Under the Articles of Confederation, each of the thirteen states printed its own money and assigned it values through the 1780s. Use your imagination to devise a money game. Create thirteen different forms of money, one for each of the thirteen states. Assign every student to a single state and give the students...
(The entire section is 1910 words.)
Where to Learn More
The following list focuses on works written for readers of middle school or high school age. Books aimed at adult readers have been included when they are especially important in providing information or analysis that would otherwise be unavailable.
Achenbach, Joel. The Grand Idea: George Washington's Potomac and the Race to the West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.
Aikman, Lonnelle. We, the People: The Story of the United States Capitol. Washington, DC: U.S. Capitol Historical Society, 1991.
Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.
Ammon, Harry. James Monroe: The Quest of National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.
Anson, Bert. The Miami Indians. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.
Appleby, Joyce O. Inheriting the Revolution: The First Generation of Americans. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2000.
Armento, Beverly J., Gary B. Nash, Christopher L. Salter, and Karen K. Wixson. The American People: Creating a Nation and a Society. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
Berkin, Carol. A...
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