Themes and Meanings

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

The metaphor of the map in this story reflects Max’s personal efforts to discover where he is and therefore who he is. This is complicated by the fact that he is in a wild area where he cannot find any context within which to locate himself. He is distant socially from the men with whom he works, and he is distant spatially from his wife, Clara. Moreover, because it takes so long for letters to get to him from Clara, his emotions lag far behind the events. For example, for him, it is as though his new daughter had just been born, although she is five months old. Moreover, the sensory data he is confronted with every day is a jumble in his mind until he writes them down, either in his journal or in letters to Clara. Although he considers himself a “servant of the map” that he and his companions are preparing, the map is in process, not an accomplished artifact.

Because everything Max experiences is translated into language, either in the letters or his journals, the writing process as a means of capturing and understanding reality is a large component of the theme of the story. However, because Max can scarcely recognize himself any longer, he finds it difficult to use language to make clear to Clara the “aberrant knots” of his character. One of the various results of this “living by writing” is that one’s pleasures are seen in retrospect, not in the present, becoming acts of the imagination rather than events in the physical world....

(The entire section is 451 words.)