Semitic Mythology (Myths and Legends of the World)
Semitic mythology arose among several cultures that flourished in the ancient Near East, a region that extended from in modern Iraq to the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. These groups of people spoke Semitic languages, had similar religions, and worshiped related deities.god or goddess Three great religionsudaism, Christianity, and Islamrew out of Semitic traditions.
Semitic peoples shared many of the same myths and legends. Among their major gods and goddesses were those responsible for creation, fertility, death, and the afterlife. The names of the deities varied slightly from culture to culture. Common themes of Semitic myths included the creation of the world, a great flood, and a hero who overcame a challenge. Some themes, such as the death and rebirth of fertility gods, were rooted in the agricultural way of life of these Near Eastern peoples.
Origins. Between about 3000 and 300 B.C., ancient Mesopotamia was home to a series of civilizations, beginning with the Sumerians, who built the first The Sumerians lived in the southern part of the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. They were followed by the Akkadians, who settled to the north, the Babylonians, and the Assyrians. Later, Sumer and Akkad became known as Babylonia. The Assyrians settled even farther north along the Tigris.
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