Seminole Wars (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: A continuation of the U.S. policy of containment and relocation of Native Americans east of the Mississippi.
The conflicts known as the First, Second, and Third Seminole Wars were never declared wars on the part of the U.S. government. The Seminole Wars were a continuation of U.S. policy to contain Native American populations east of the Mississippi and remove them to reservations west of the Mississippi, a policy that resulted in the Indian Removal Act of 1830. They also might be seen as early battles fought over the jurisdiction of runaway slaves that would eventually escalate into the Civil War.
First Seminole War
The First Seminole War was preceded by years of disputes along the Florida-Georgia border, climaxing in the destruction of Fort Negro on the Apalachicola River. Built by the British in 1815 and turned over to a band of runaway slaves on the British departure from Florida, Fort Negro proved an obstacle in the supply route to Fort Scott in Georgia. When a U.S. vessel was fired upon from the fort, Andrew Jackson ordered General Edmund Gaines to destroy the fort. A hot cannonball, fired from the expedition led by Lieutenant Colonel Duncan Clinch,...
(The entire section is 1808 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!