Scythians Drive the Cimmerians from Central Asia (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: The Scythians hunted the Cimmerians, driving them out of the Volga River Valley, Armenia, the borders of Assyria, and Asia Minor.
Summary of Event
The Cimmerians, a nomadic people referred to in the Bible as the Gomer, were a militarily aggressive Indo-European people of Iranian lineage. The Cimmerians settled along the northern coast of what is today known as the Black Sea (known in ancient Greek literature as the Southern Sea), specifically in modern Ukraine east of the Dnieper River. Modern scholars believe that Cimmerian culture arose on what is now known as the Crimean Peninsula in the late eleventh century b.c.e. The first known reference to the Cimmerians appears in the poetry of Homer and dates from c. 714 b.c.e., when the Cimmerians defeated a number of peoples and occupied the lands of several civilizations in Asia Minor and the Near East, particularly the kingdom of Media in present-day Iran and the Assyrian Empire in modern-day Iraq.
The Cimmerians’ antagonists, the Scythians (also known as the Scyths), shared with them an Indo-European origin. The Scythians spoke a language that belonged to the Iranian linguistic group and most likely originated in the steppe of southwestern Russia. Of all the extant ancient historians, Herodotus is the only one to discuss the nomadic Scythians and their interaction with the Cimmerians in any detail. Herodotus’s knowledge of the...
(The entire section is 976 words.)
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