Christian Themes (Masterplots II: Christian Literature)
The Scarlet Letter raised complex and often uncomfortable questions about the relationship between sin and sympathy for Hawthorne’s nineteenth century audience. At the time of its publication in 1850, several Christian editorial writers, in fact, criticized Hawthorne’s novel for not adequately emphasizing Hester’s renunciation of her sin and the process of her atonement. Some argued that because Hawthorne’s story was not clearly enough an example designed for moral instruction, it should not be told at all. Earlier American seduction novels such as Charlotte Temple (1791) and The Coquette: Or, The History of Eliza Wharton; A Novel Founded on Fact (1797) invited the reader not only to witness the female protagonist’s moral struggle and downfall, but also to forgive her transgressions as they were repented, typically in death. The Scarlet Letter, in contrast, invites the reader to sympathize with the sinner as she struggles, often rebelliously, to work out her relationship to her sin and the punishment for that sin.
The point of Hawthorne’s text, like several of his earlier short stories, is to question if not outright criticize the severity of the Puritan law and the self-righteous intolerance of the Puritan community. Like other authors of his day, Hawthorne uses seventeenth century Puritanism as a point of departure for reflecting on what a Christian community should strive for in the nineteenth century. By...
(The entire section is 459 words.)
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