Salvadoran Americans (Multicultural America:)
El Salvador is the smallest Central American republic. It is bordered by Guatamala and Honduras and its eastern coastline meets the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador has been engaged in internal political strife for much of the 20th century which has caused many to migrate to the United States under the U.S. refugee policy as well as illegally. For some South and Central American immigrants coming to the United States can only improve their condition. This is the case for many Salvadoran immigrants whose country has been engaged in a brutal civil war since 1969 during which 40 to 50,000 civilians were murdered and over one million people fled the country. Roughly half of the Salvadorans that fled the conflict came to the United States. Roberto d' Aubuisson, leader of the right wing Nationalist Republic Alliance (ARENA) was largely responsible for the exodus. Aubuisson sent out death squads who kitted thousands of people suspected of being leftists. The United States gave economic and military support estimated at $3 billion to Napoleon Duarte in the 1980s but the leader of the Christian Democratic Party was incapable of stopping the bloodshed, in large part because of internal corruption.
Although the severity of the political turmoil in El Salvador was sufficient to warrant political asylum from the United States, Salvadorans had difficulty coming to the United States under U.S. refugee policy. Part of the...
(The entire section is 5170 words.)
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