Salvador Dalí (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: During an active career that spanned more than six decades, Dalí emerged as the most popular and influential painter associated with the Surrealist movement. He became one of the towering figures of twentieth century art, noted not only for his painting but also for numerous other creative endeavors.
Salvador Dalí was born on May 11, 1904, in Figueras, a small town near Barcelona in the Spanish province of Catalonia. His father, Salvador Dalí i Cusi, was a local notary with liberal and republican tendencies; his mother, Felipa, to whom young Salvador was devoted, was a pious Catholic. Dalí grew up in a comfortable, progressive bourgeois household that encouraged intellectual pursuits. Indulged and spoiled by his adoring parents, Dalí became a temperamental child who delighted in exhibitionist behavior.
Dalí attended public school in Figueras for only a year. His parents subsequently enrolled him at private academies run by religious orders. He early exhibited a propensity for art, producing two oil paintings by the age of ten. A family friend, the Impressionist painter Ramón Pichot, played a key role in encouraging young Dalí to pursue his artistic inclinations. Dalí’s father was also supportive, allowing his son to enter drawing classes conducted by Juan Nuñez in 1916.
Throughout adolescence and into early adulthood, Dalí experimented with a wide variety...
(The entire section is 2183 words.)
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