Saite Dynasty Begins in Egypt (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: After defeating the Kushites and Assyrians, Psamtik I unified Egypt and founded the Twenty-sixth Dynasty in Egypt, a time of relative peace and cultural renaissance.
Summary of Event
The Saite Dynasty (664-525 b.c.e.), the Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt, originated in the conflicts between the Kushite pharaohs of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty and the Assyrian Empire, according to the historian Manetho. Toward the end of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty, the Kushite rulers reversed their earlier conciliatory stance toward the rising might of Assyria and assisted the kingdoms of Syro-Palestine in their efforts to cast off the Assyrian yoke. This Egyptian interference provided the pretext for the Assyrian king Esarhaddon (r. 680-669 b.c.e.) to attempt an invasion of Egypt in 674 b.c.e., but he was successfully repelled by the Kushite ruler Taharqa (r. 690-664). However, in 671 b.c.e., Esarhaddon managed to capture Memphis and drive Taharqa into the south.
Esarhaddon’s successor, Ashurbanipal (r. 669-627 b.c.e.), expanded Assyrian control of Egypt during his invasion in 667/666 b.c.e., which penetrated all the way to Thebes and drove Taharqa back to his capital Napata, far in the south. Vassal rulers were then established in the Nile Delta, including Necho I, ruler of Saïs, a descendant of Tefnakht and Bakenranef, rulers of Saïs who had fought against the Twenty-fifth Dynasty pharaoh Piye (r. 742-716...
(The entire section is 1428 words.)
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