Saint László I (Dictionary of World Biography: Middle Ages)
Article abstract: By means of legislative reforms, diplomacy, and military bravura, László brought for Hungary both internal security and, with the annexation of Croatia, a new, more active role in the affairs of the world.
Saint László I, also known as Ladislas, was the second of three sons born to Hungarian king-to-be Béla I, who at the time still lived in exile in Poland. Béla had fled Hungary, along with his brothers Andrew and Levente, shortly before the end of the great Stephen I’s reign, when it was learned that their father, Vászoly, had been arrested for his part in an alleged pagan conspiracy and tortured to death. (His eyes were removed, and his ears were filled with molten lead.) Béla sought refuge at the court of the Polish Mieszko II and eventually married the prince’s daughter, Richeza. This marriage produced three sons, Géza, László, and Lambert.
László’s early life is shrouded in mystery. Essentially all that is known of it is that he spent his boyhood years at the court of his uncle, King Casimir of Poland. In that atmosphere, imbued as it was with the spirit of the Christian renaissance, László apparently was reared to be a devout Christian. Eventually, in 1046, Béla and his brothers were summoned home by the growing legions weary of the rule of Stephen’s nephew and handpicked successor, Peter. When Andrew I, who had married his son Salomon to the...
(The entire section is 1991 words.)
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