Saint Jerome Creates the Vulgate (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: Jerome, an influential Christian scholar whose life blended several ideals of late antique Christendom, created a Latin translation of the Old Testament and Gospels, which along with translations of the remaining New Testament books by other scholars, became known as the Vulgate and remained the standard translation of the Bible until the sixteenth century.
Summary of Event
By Saint Jerome’s death, the Roman world in its former glory had come unraveled, and so had Jerome. His life’s pursuit of holiness and spiritual perfection was instead filled with rancor and conflict, but on the anvil of his sharp letters and other writings was forged the teaching authority that earned him a place among the fathers of the Christian Church.
Born in north Italian obscurity, Jerome (originally Eusebius Hieronymus) set out on a lifelong journey across the Roman Empire. Rome was the first stop, where he received his primary training. This initial foray into classical learning later blossomed into fluency in Hebrew and Greek, enabling his master achievement, the translation of the Bible into Latin.
A trip to Gaul introduced him to monasticism. He joined a group of men in the common life, separated from the world through fasting, prayer, and study. He would wrestle with the memory of Roman dancing girls and worldly pleasures, both of which entranced his imagination as he pursued holiness. This...
(The entire section is 1760 words.)
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