Saint Anthony of Padua (Dictionary of World Biography: Middle Ages)
Article abstract: Anthony of Padua was one of the most eloquent Franciscan preachers and the first teacher of the Franciscan School of Theology. He is credited with introducing the theology of Saint Augustine into the order and was named a Doctor of the Church.
Anthony of Padua was born in Lisbon on August 15, 1195, and received the name Fernando (Ferdinand) at baptism. It is asserted that his father was Martin de Boullion, descendant of the renowned Godfrey de Boullion, commander of the First Crusade, and that his mother, Theresa Travejra, was a descendant of Froila I, fourth King of Asturias.
After he had completed the course at the Cathedral School of Saint Mary, Ferdinand, at the age of fifteen, joined the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine in the convent of Saint Vincent outside the city walls in September, 1210. Two years later, he went to the Monastery of the Holy Cross in Coimbra, where he remained for eight years. In Coimbra, he became an expert in biblical studies. It is believed that he was ordained a priest in 1218.
In 1220, he saw the bodies of the first five martyrs of the Franciscan Order (Saints Berard, Peter, Otho, Aiuto, and Accursio) being returned from Morocco, where on January 16, 1220, they had been killed for their faith. Ferdinand was so moved by the desire for martyrdom that he set his heart on becoming a Friar Minor. That same year, 1220, he received the...
(The entire section is 2061 words.)
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Anthony of Padua, St (Myths and Legends of the World)
St. Anthony of Padua was a Franciscan monk and a popular preacher in Italy in the 1200s. Born in Portugal, Anthony left his homeland after deciding to become a missionary. He spent a brief time in Morocco, but illness forced him to return to Europe. Settling in Italy, he became a follower of St. Francis of Assisi.
Anthony was noted for his skill as a preacher, for his profound knowledge of the Bible, and for the many stories of miracles that grew up around him. In one such legend, a group of refused to pay attention to him when he was preaching, so he went to the water and spoke to the fishes. The fishes held their heads out of the water and listened closely, which turned the heretics into believers.
Anthony is the patron saint of Portugal as well as of the Italian city of Padua, where he is buried. He is traditionally called on for help in locating lost property.
(The entire section is 162 words.)