Sadat and Begin Are Jointly Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Menachem Begin and Anwar el-Sadat paved the road to peace in the Middle East and were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts.
Summary of Event
The cultures of the Middle East are diverse, and the economic interests of the Middle East, positioned as it is at the junction of Asia, Europe, and Africa, have long been entangled. Thus, its countries are ravaged by schisms and have faced a nearly continuous succession of foreign invaders and wars. In this cradle of civilization lie Israel and Egypt. Geographical proximity to the birthplaces of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity makes some people consider the soil of both countries as a divinely established birthright. From an early age, both Anwar el-Sadat and Menachem Begin were touched with deep desires for their countries. As early as 1939, Sadat became devoted to freeing Egypt from foreign domination. Begin, based upon persecution he observed early in life, crystallized his determination to see the ancient Jewish homeland restored. In 1948, with the help of the United Nations, the state of Israel was founded. As a result of the creation of this new state, four wars were fought between the Jews and Arabs in the 1947-1973 period, including the first war, which began as a civil conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs following the United Nations recommendation of November 29, 1947, to partition Palestine; the Suez-Sinai War in 1956; the Six-Day...
(The entire section is 2052 words.)
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