Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt served as the thirty-second president of the United States from 1933 to 1945. During his unprecedented four terms in office, Roosevelt established himself as a towering national leader, leading the United States out of the Great Depression through the active involvement of the federal government in the national economy. The federal government grew dramatically in size and power as Congress enacted Roosevelt's NEW DEAL program. As president, Roosevelt was responsible for the creation of SOCIAL SECURITY, federal LABOR LAWS, rural electrification programs, and myriad projects that assisted farmers, business, and labor. During WORLD WAR II Roosevelt's leadership was vital to rallying the spirits of the citizenry and mobilizing a wartime economy. Nevertheless, Roosevelt was a controversial figure. Many economic conservatives believed his programs owed more to state SOCIALISM than to free enterprise.
Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in Hyde Park, New York, the only son of James and Sara Delano Roosevelt. The young Roosevelt was taught to be a gentleman and to exercise Christian stewardship through public service. He graduated from Harvard University in 1904 and in 1905 wed ELEANOR ROOSEVELT, the niece of his...
(The entire section is 3062 words.)
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