(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Frank Osbaldistone is recalled from France, where his father had sent him to learn the family’s mercantile business. Disappointed in his son’s progress, the father angrily orders the young man to Osbaldistone Hall, home of his uncle, Sir Hildebrand Osbaldistone, in northern England. His father gives him fifty guineas for expenses and instructions to learn who among Sir Hildebrand’s sons will accept a position in the trading house of Osbaldistone and Tresham.

On the road, Frank falls in with a traveler named Morris, who is carrying a large sum of money in a portmanteau strapped to his saddle. That evening, they stop at the Black Bear Inn in the town of Darlington, where they are joined at dinner by a Scotsman named Mr. Campbell, who is really Rob Roy, the Scottish outlaw. The next morning, Campbell and Morris leave together. At a secluded spot along the road, the men are halted and a highwayman robs Morris of his saddlebag. Meanwhile, Frank rides toward Osbaldistone Hall. As he nears the rambling old mansion, he sees that a fox hunt is in progress and meets Diana Vernon, Sir Hildebrand’s niece. The outspoken Diana tells Frank that all of his cousins are mixtures in varying proportions of sot, gamekeeper, bully, horse jockey, and fool. Rashleigh, she says, is the most dangerous of the lot, for he maintains a private tyranny over everyone with whom he comes in contact. It is Rashleigh, however, who is prevailed upon to accept Frank’s vacant position at Osbaldistone and Tresham.

Frank and his cousins dislike one another. One night, while drinking with the family, Frank becomes enraged at Rashleigh’s speech and actions and strikes him. Rashleigh never forgets the blow, although to all intents and purposes he and Frank declare themselves friends after their anger has cooled.

Shortly after Frank’s arrival at Osbaldistone Hall, he is accused of highway robbery. He goes at once to Squire Inglewood’s court to defend himself and to confront his accuser, who turns out to be Morris. Rob Roy, however, appears at the squire’s court of justice and forces Morris to confess that Frank is not the man who robbed him.

When Rashleigh departs to go into business with Frank’s father, Frank becomes Diana’s tutor. Their association develops into deep affection on both sides, a mutual attraction marred only by the fact that Diana is a Catholic and Frank a Presbyterian.

One day, Frank receives a letter from his father’s partner, Mr. Tresham. The letter informs him that his father has gone to the Continent on business, leaving Rashleigh in charge; Rashleigh,...

(The entire section is 1069 words.)

Rob Roy Summary

Rob Roy Chapter 1 Summary

Frank Osbaldistone begins his memoirs by addressing them to his friend Will Tresham. (Younger than Frank, Will is also the son of the business partner of Frank’s father in the mercantile house of Osbaldistone and Tresham.) Frank is now reaching the end of his life and, rather than leave a friend a portrait, he will live him a record of his thoughts and life.

Frank has been in Bordeaux, France, working in a branch of his father’s mercantile business. However, rather than spending much time at work, he has devoted his time to literature and "manly exercise." Dubourg (with whom Frank has been living while in Bordeaux, and who was an employee of the firm) writes frequently that Frank is "all that a father could wish."

When Frank writes his father that he does not want to continue working in the mercantile business, and rejects the idea that he come home to take a more elevated position in the firm, the senior Osbaldistone calls him home. He believes that the firm currently supplies him with a comfortable living without working, and that it will continue to do so throughout his life, even after his father’s death (and perhaps even more, once Frank comes into his inheritance).

Osbaldistone confronts Frank in the presence of Owen, a longtime clerk of the business and friend of the family. He stresses to Frank the necessity of work, and also that there is additional wealth to accumulate if he is to continue in his current lifestyle.

Rob Roy Chapter 2 Summary

As a consequence of Dubourg’s not reporting faithfully Frank’s inattention to his duties, Osbaldistone intends to fire him, as well as his son who is working the office. Frank objects to this, saying that it is he himself who is to blame and his inability to learn, rather than the fault of Dubourg, who was charged to instruct.

Osbaldistone asks to see Frank’s journal, in which he is to keep track of his activities in the business. He is generally pleased, until a copy of a poem falls out, which angers him even further.

When asked what he wants to do, Frank states that he would like to travel for a few years, or possibly go to school at Oxford or Cambridge. Osbaldistone condemns these places as seats of the "Jacobites," (supporters of the Catholic James II, pretender to the throne of England).

Osbaldistone threatens to disinherit Frank, and pass the business on to one of his nephews, the sons of his Catholic brother. Osbaldistone had left his home as a youth and has never returned, but he would rather see one of his relatives have the business, if Frank refuses it.

Osbaldistone relents enough to give Frank a month to make his decision. At the end of this time, however, Frank is still of the same mind. Therefore, Osbaldistone states that Frank will leave the next morning for his uncle’s home in York, Obaldistone Hall, to prepare the youngest son of Osbaldistone’s brother to take over the business and thus the inheritance, which will now not go to Frank.

Rob Roy Chapter 3 Summary

Frank sets out on horseback to the north country. He has a feeling of independence and pleasure in his journey, despite the unpleasant cause of it. He finds the road, however, lacking in interest, and finds amusement only in the people he encounters on the way.

One such person is a man with whom he travels a day and a half. He too travels on horseback, carrying a heavy portmanteau. He is of a wary and suspicious nature, never revealing too much about what he carries, where he is going, or even the direction of his travels.

Frank resolves to find some amusement in the man. He gains his trust, and then begins asking him questions about himself, causing the man to become wary once again. He will carry on a conversation pleasantly enough, but once Frank starts with his questioning, he withdraws a little, though eventually returning to Frank’s company.

The wary stranger comments on Frank’s horse and, what he considers, its obvious limitations as for endurance and speed. Frank proposes a race between the two. The man hesitates, then states it would not be fair, since Frank is considerably lighter than he. Frank offers to take on some weight, and suggest that he carry the man’s portmanteau. The man states that this would not be heavy enough, as all it holds are a few shirts and stockings. When Frank remarks that it seems a bit heavy to hold only that, the man retreats from the conversation, and is saved by their arrival at a village.

Rob Roy Chapter 4 Summary

Frank and his fellow traveler arrive at Darlington, in Durham. They take advantage of the old English custom of innkeepers hosting travelers to dinner, without charge.

Among the other guests is a Scotchman, by the name Rob Campbell. This is the first acquaintance Frank has made with a Scotchman, and the first time he has even heard one speak. His father tried to pass on his own prejudices to Frank concerning the Scots, but Frank decides in this case to hold his judgment.

The company sits down to dinner, with Frank’s fellow traveler sitting on his portmanteau instead of a chair. The innkeeper (Jonathan Brown) tells his guests that Mr. Campbell personally defended himself from two highway robbers. Frank’s traveler is quite impressed and requests that Mr. Campbell allow him to accompany him on his trip north.

Mr. Campbell declines, stating that he has personal business in Rothbury, which is out of the traveler’s way. Yet the traveler insists that it will be no problem for him to go to Rothbury, as long as he could accompany Mr. Campbell.

Campbell, clearly irritated at the persistence of the traveler, again declines to allow the man to join him. After dinner, Campbell warns Frank that he should tell his friend to be more wary to whom he communicates his business and his direction. When Frank informs him that he is no friend of his, Campbell wishes him good journey and leaves. In the morning, Frank proceeds on his journey, thankfully without his fellow traveler.

Rob Roy Chapter 5 Summary

Frank reaches his ancestral home just as a foxhunt crosses his path, followed by several riders. He assumes that these are his cousins, and frets over what their opinion of him will be, since he has little or no knowledge of rural hunting. Suddenly he spots another rider, a young woman. Her beauty catches his eye and, under pretext of helping her, as her horse appears to stumble, he follows her.

A horn announces the hunt has ended with the capture of the fox. The young lady approaches one of the hunters and has a whispered conversation, appearing to try to induce something from him. He refuses and so she introduces herself to Frank as Die (Diana) Vernon. Upon learning that he is Francis Osbaldistone whom they have been waiting for, she introduces him to his cousin Thorncliff Osbaldistone.

The hunting party returns to Osbaldistone Hall. On the way, Die and Frank discuss the differing views on the Catholic Church. Die also tells Frank about Rashleigh, his youngest cousin, who has been trained for the priesthood, but doesn’t seem in a hurry to take orders. Die leaves Frank holding her horse’s reins until a groomsman can come to take the horse to the stable. On entering the hall, Frank surveys the trophies of the hunt that ornament the walls. Again he feels inadequate in this new branch of his family.

The servants arrive to prepare the table for a feast. With much bustle, Frank’s uncle (Sir Hildebrand Osbaldistone), cousins, and others arrive in the dining hall.

Rob Roy Chapter 6 Summary

Frank is introduced to his male cousins. He views the older five as tall, athletic, loud, and unintelligent. Rashleigh, the youngest, is completely different from his brothers. He appears deformed, yet he is told that is merely a habit of walk, since any deformity would prevent his joining the priesthood.

During the dinner, Frank talks with Die, who informs him more about his family. She also tells him that she cannot abide compliments, which puts a damper on the conversation. Yet Frank clearly would like to get to know her better.

Die also tells him that Ashleigh is to leave in a few days, to take Frank’s place in the mercantile business. When Frank’s father had written, asking for one of his nephews to come take Frank’s place, it was obvious that only Ashleigh was educated enough to make a passable clerk. The problem was in how to justify diverting him from the plans for his entering the priesthood. Die relates that it was quickly done, since everyone consulted among the family and servants, would like to see Ashleigh gone, having alienated everyone.

After dinner, drink pours forth freely. Not liking to be in a drunken company, Frank departs to go upstairs. He is followed, however, so he jumps out the window and retreats to the garden.

There he meets the gardener, Andrew Fairservice, a Scotchman. Andrew gives Frank further validation of his views on the family. Andrew gives a vague warning, however, concerning Die.

Rob Roy Chapter 7 Summary

The next morning, Frank is bullied into joining the hunt with Sir Hildebrand and cousins. Though they think that he is a dandy and will not stand up to the chase, Frank proves them wrong, since riding is one of his few accomplishments.

Frank and Die ride off a ways, to where Die shows him the border of Scotland, not two hours away. Frank wonders why she is telling him this. Die informs him that it is to provide for his safety.

Frank is confused, until Die asks him about the man he had been traveling with on the way to Osbaldistone Hall. It turns out that he was in the service of the English government, carrying army payroll in his portmanteau. It seems that he was robbed of the money, and he is accusing Frank of the theft. Die informs him that both she and their uncle believe that he is guilty, with the latter intent on turning Frank in to prevent his being seen as housing a Jacobite, thus losing his property.

Frank denies the accusation and wants to acquit himself rather than make a run for the Scottish border. Die tells him that he must go to Squire Inglewood, the local magistrate, who is a secret Jacobite, but has accepted the position in order to preserve the hunt. He is attended by Joseph Jobson, an unscrupulous clerk. Having learned of the people to whom he must plead his case, Frank arrives at Inglewood Place.

Rob Roy Chapter 8 Summary

On arriving at Inglewood Place, Die and Frank find Rashleigh there. Die accuses him of collaborating with the accuser against his own cousin. Rashleigh insists he came to support Frank.

Frank and Die enter Inglewood Place, unable to find a servant. They come upon Inglewood finishing dinner, in company with Jobson and Frank’s accuser, Mr. Morris.

Frank wants to present his testimony and protest his innocence, but Inglewood refuses to do business this close to dinner. Frank, however, insists that he be allowed to plead his case, since it is one of honor and reputation. Jobson supports him, since Frank has been accused of a felony.

When asked what the charge is, Morris declares that he has no accusation against Frank, though he has signed a declaration, as Jobson points out. Morris states that, out of fear of possible allies of Frank in the near vicinity, he takes back his accusation. Jobson, however, refuses to let him do so. Presenting much legal jargon, Jobson convinces Inglewood to proceed, but is interrupted when a letter arrives for Jobson. Leaving on a matter of "life and death," Jobson states that he will return in a few hours.

Inglewood refuses to proceed without his clerk, and so invites all to remain and have some refreshments. He also tries to convince Frank to return the portmanteau to Morris, when a stranger is announced, requesting to speak with the magistrate.

Rob Roy Chapter 9 Summary

The stranger turns out to be Rob Campbell. He testifies that he was with Mr. Morris at the time of the theft (a fact that Morris did not relate). Though he had refused to accompany Morris the evening before, Campbell changed his mind when he met him on the road.

When Campbell was asked why he didn’t assist Morris in fighting off the robbers, Campbell insists he is a man of peace, and does not engage in violence for any cause. Campbell also gives evidence that the robber that Morris identified as Frank was in fact shorter and thicker, and so could not be Frank Osbaldistone. Inglewood thus throws Morris’s declaration into the fire and Frank is released. Campbell leaves Inglewood Place, accompanied by Morris, who seems fearful now of Campbell’s company. Campbell assures him, unconvincingly it seems, that he has nothing to fear.

Inglewood invites Die and Frank to stay for dinner, but Die insists they must return to Osbaldistone Hall to inform Sir Hildebrand of the outcome of Morris’s accusation. On the way, Die defends again her Catholic faith. They run into Jobson, who is returning frim his "life and death" situation, which turns out to be a ruse. Suspecting Die, Jobson implies threats against her because of her Catholic faith. When he gets especially insulting, Frank comes to Die’s defense and warns Jobson that he will defend her honor with violence if need be. Jobson departs, and Die and Frank go on their way.

Rob Roy Chapter 10 Summary

On their return to Osbaldistone Hall, Die invites Frank to dine with her in the library. This room has become her special retreat, since her older cousins do not enter it. In the past, Rashleigh had been her tutor, teaching her Greek, Latin, and many European languages. Her special interests are in science and history, as well as poetry and the classics, which she reads in their original languages.

Die tells of her family, who had suffered in the Revolution for their support of James II. Her family lost everything, and so she has come to live with her Osbaldistone relations as a poor orphan.

Rashleigh enters and joins the conversation. Die asks him to give a full account of why he was at Inglewood Palace when she and Frank arrived. He states that he had previously met Morris and learned the particulars of the incident of the theft. He thus tracks down Campbell and convinces him to come and give testimony to support Frank’s innocence.

Rashleigh, in the process, makes evident his prejudice against the Scots. Die pleads with Frank that he not be influenced by Rashleigh, as she herself is a Scotchwoman.

Frank and Rashleigh retreat to the latter’s room, where they play cards. Rashleigh quickly grows tired of the game, and the two share conversation. Frank is impressed with Rashleigh’s intelligence, though he does not see a moral basis for his opinions. Later, he confesses in hindsight that he allowed Rashleigh’s eloquence to blind him to his true character.

Rob Roy Chapter 11 Summary

The next day being a Sunday, there is no hunt, but everyone remains in the Hall, most in utter boredom. Sir Hildebrand chides Frank for being accused of highway robbery. Rashleigh comes to his defense, that Sir Hildebrand should put aside his suspicions and support his own nephew.

Later, when they are alone, Frank takes issue with this, stating that it would be better if Rashleigh convinced Sir Hildebrand to rid himself of his suspicions rather than just hiding them. Rashleigh points out that his father clings with tenacity to his suspicions.

Rashleigh asks what manner of man Frank’s father is, since he will be living and working with him soon. Frank portrays him as honest, strict in his own integrity and demanding it in others, having little patience with Jacobites, though he will respect Rashleigh’s Catholic faith, since tolerance is a crucial part of his own.

Frank asks Rashleigh about Die. Rashleigh insinuates that, having been her tutor, he began to put some distance between them when she got older, fearing that she would become too attracted to him. Since he is destined for the priesthood, he fears such closeness would be improper.

Frank is disgusted with Rashleigh’s assumption that Die could be attracted to him. It points out Rashleigh’s pride and ego. Rashleigh also informs Frank that Die is destined to marry one of her Osbaldistone cousins, having received a dispensation from the pope for that purpose. This news upsets Frank greatly.

Rob Roy Chapter 12 Summary

At dinner, Frank is in a foul mood, due to Rashleigh’s revelation of Die’s future with either him or one of his brothers. He quarrels with Die, causing her to leave the table. Frank drinks more wine than is usual, to calm his emotions, to the point that he becomes drunk. He argues with his cousins. It comes to a head when he strikes Rashleigh. Though Rashleigh does not take offense, Thorncliff does, and swords are drawn. Before the fight can progress too far, Frank is carted off to his bedchamber and locked in until morning.

When he awakens, Frank is chagrined at the memory of the night before. More embarrassing, he knows he must apologize. When he goes to breakfast, all are there except Rashleigh and Die. He makes a general apology, but they all joke about it until they see he is truly remorseful. Thorncliff, however, clearly does not like Frank, of which Frank is very aware. He thinks it might be because he sees in Frank a possible rival for Die’s attentions.

When Rashleigh comes to breakfast, Frank notices that his face is dark and furious, clearly unforgiving for the insult he now feels from the night before. Frank apologizes, and Rashleigh instantly becomes cheerful. Frank is bothered by this sudden turn of feeling, and wonders again at Rashleigh’s sincerity. Frank apologizes as well to Die, who quickly forgives him and asks for his help in translating Dante.

Rob Roy Chapter 13 Summary

Die chides Frank for his behavior and his drunkenness the night before, warning him that he is becoming more like his cousins. He tells her that he has no intention of being influenced to take up the life they lead.

Die asks Frank the reason why he seemed to have been upset with her the night before. She can tell that his opinion of her has lowered, and she would like to know the cause. He evades answering her question, coming up with excuses that she sees right through. Finally he admits the truth, telling her what Rashleigh had related to her about her intended marriage to one of the Osbaldistones. He also tells her that Rashleigh distanced himself from her in order to prevent her becoming attracted to him.

Die is furious, though she had some reason to believe this was the cause of Frank’s changed attitude toward her. She tells Frank that Rashleigh became her tutor for the sole purpose of becoming intimate with her and seducing her. She admits that she could have been drawn into his trap at one time, but now she would rather go into a convent, or even prison, than to marry Rashleigh or any of her cousins.

Frank is ready to call Rashleigh out, but Die prevents him. She hints that there are other holds that Rashleigh has on her and on others that would make angering him further dangerous. Nevertheless, Frank writes a letter to Owen, warning him of the character of Rashleigh, who departs for London to join Frank’s father’s mercantile company.

Rob Roy Chapter 14 Summary

Frank is becoming more accepted in the Osbaldistone family. His uncle utilizes his education in the manner of a secretary. He has gained the respect of his cousins through his expertise with horses. Thorncliff alone seems to dislike him, most likely from jealousy over the time Frank spends with Die.

In a conversation with Andrew Fairservice, the gardener, Frank learns that Morris has gone to Parliament in London to report the robbery. He testifies that he had identified Frank, but had not been given justice by the local magistrate, through the influence of Campbell. After much discussion, Parliament decides that they cannot trust someone of Morris’s rank in an accusation against a family such as the Osbaldistones.

Frank desires to hear more about this, so he asks Andrew if he can speak with his relative, a peddler, from whom he heard the story. While waiting for the peddler, Frank sees a light shining in the library, assuming that Die is studying. He sees two shadows and wonders who her companion is. Previously, he had advised a chaperone in the person of one of the servants, Martha, so he tries to convince himself that it is she who is with Die.

When the peddler comes, he validates Andrew’s account of the debate in Parliament, providing a newspaper article and other documents. In the article, Morris relates that he believed Campbell to have been the more active of the robbers, something that Frank himself had contemplated.

Rob Roy Chapter 15 Summary

Frank decides to write his father, relating to him the problems he is encountering with Morris’s accusation. He worries that he has not received any correspondence from him, or from Owen, since he arrived in Northumberland. He decides to ride to the post-office to mail the letter himself.

At the post office he receives a letter and a check from Owen concerning Rashleigh’s arrival and settling into the business. There is not hint that Owen had received the letter Frank had previously written him. Along with the letter to his father, Frank writes another letter to Owen.

On his return to Osbaldistone Hall, during a walk in the garden it is noticed that the door to the turret, leading to private access to Rashleigh’s chambers, is open. Andrew and Frank wonder who could have used the entrance. Andrew speculates that it might have been left open by Father Vaughan, the family priest, who frequently visited the Hall and used Rashleigh’s chambers. Since these chambers also had access to the library, Frank ponders whether or not the candle in the library he had seen the night before could have been Father Vaughan. He knew that Father Vaughan and Die had some conversation, though Die had never mentioned him to Frank past introducing him. Frank assumed that Father Vaughan would be in charge of admitting Die into a convent should she choose not to marry one of her Osbaldistone cousins. Frank worries about what the nature of the relationship is between the priest and Die.

Rob Roy Chapter 16 Summary

Frank begins to have some hope that he is working his way into Die’s affections. While they were studying together, one of his poems falls out of a book. She reads it, then tells him that his efforts could be applied better to other matters. Frank is offended, but tries to hide it. Die, however, can see through it, but still is honest with him.

Die asks Frank if he has heard from his father yet, and he replies in the negative. She then tells him that his father is attending business in Holland, and Rashleigh is left in complete control of the business. She warns Frank that, left to himself, Rashleigh will completely ruin the business, in order to make profit for himself.

Frank asks her advice, whether or not he should go to London for a short time to look into it and be a restrictive presence until his father should return. Die advises that indeed he should leave Osbaldistone Hall, but also that he should not return. Frank is hurt that she would even think of leaving, but she assures him that she is used to losing friends. Frank then takes the bold step of kissing her hand, thus declaring his true feelings. She withdraws, reminding him that she is destined for the convent, if not for an arranged marriage. Thus, his attentions to her are inappropriate. She asks him to leave. Frank sees a tapestry covering a door to Rashleigh’s chambers moves, but Die insists it is nothing but a rat. Frank, however, knows that they have been overheard.

Rob Roy Chapter 17 Summary

Frank decides to confront Die in the library concerning Father Vaughan’s influence over her. When he enters, she is startled and acts suspiciously. Frank states that he’s come only for a book, when he sees a man’s glove lying on the table. Die says it is merely a relic from her grandfather and draws another glove from the table drawer to prove it. However, as Frank notes, they are both right-handed gloves, and so cannot be a set. Frank begins to question her, but she insists that he has no right to do so, and Frank feels that she is now breaking off their friendship. She tells him that both will be leaving soon, and will never meet again.

Die then gives him a letter. It appears that his father’s letters have been intercepted, and it is only through a faithful retainer of Die’s that this one got through. The letter is from Tresham, the business partner of Frank’s father, stating that Rashleigh has left London for Scotland, carrying money and bills to people in that country and has not been heard from since. Owen has gone to Glasgow to track Rashleigh down, and it is requested that Frank meet him there.

Frank is in agony that it is through his rebellion that his father’s finances, and thus his life, will be ruined. Before he leaves, Die gives him a sealed letter. She instructs him to open it only if his own efforts in recovering Rashleigh and the money have failed.

Rob Roy Chapter 18 Summary

Frank resolves to leave for Scotland the next morning. He goes to see Andrew, hoping that the gardener can tell him how to get there. It becomes evident, however, that Frank will need a guide. He asks Andrew if he knows someone who would be will to undertake the task of leading him to Glasgow. Andrew says that he indeed knows someone, and that he himself will do it.

Frank is concerned about Andrew’s leaving Osbaldistone Hall and thus losing his position. Andrew assures him that he is ready to leave, provided that Frank will make this trip worth his while, financially speaking. Frank assures him that he will be amply paid.

They leave before daylight the next morning, Andrew having provided a horse for himself. He immediately begins riding faster than Frank can keep up, and despite Frank’s calls and remonstrances, he is soon far ahead of Frank. It is not until Frank calls out that he is prepared to shoot Andrew’s horse that Andrew manages to hear his requests to slow down.
When Frank catches up to Andrew, he notices that Andrew’s horse is none other than that belonging to Thorncliff. Andrew explains that Thorncliff owes him money, and he is taking the horse as payment until he receives cash.

Andrew also reveals that he is familiar with this back road to Scotland because he is a smuggler. With more clues, Frank begins to suspect that there is some approaching conflict between the English and the Jacobites.

Rob Roy Chapter 19 Summary

Frank and Andrew arrive in Scotland the next morning. When Andrew tries to sell his horse, he is too free in his conversation about its origins, and the horse is "arrested" until the matter can be resolved with Thorncliff. Though the attorney is a friend of Andrew’s, he still follows the law, though he refrains from taking Andrew into custody as well. Andrew laments that lawyers are lawyers in any country. Frank writes his uncle to inform him of the whereabouts of the horse, should he choose to reclaim him.

The two proceed to Glasgow, which at that time was not the city of business it would eventually become. They arrived on a Saturday night, so they could conduct no business, as the Scots strictly observe the Sabbath.

In the morning, a Sunday, they try to locate the firm at which Owen was supposed to have met them. However, they are informed that nothing can be done until church is over. It is suggested that they attend services at the Barony Kirk, which is the most popular church in Glasgow. They need no directions, since the crowd indicates the direction of the church.

Frank and Andrew go into the church, remarking on its impressive structure. At that time, it was the largest metropolitan church in Scotland that had survived the Reformation. Many Catholic cathedrals had been destroyed, but this is one that survived.

Rob Roy Chapter 20 Summary

When Frank and Andrew enter the church, they are directed, not into the main cathedral, but down steps into the vaults. Services are held in a type of catacombs, surrounded by tombs. Seating is limited, so Frank and Andrew, along with many others, are forced to stand around the perimeter.

Frank listens to the preacher, who is intent on appealing to the intellect, rather than the heart, of his parishioners. The focus of Scottish preaching is through logic, rather than rhetoric, Frank states. However, Frank has difficulty maintaining interest, and his attention wanders to the wide variety of parishioners who attend the church.

Frank searches for any sign of Owen among the crowd, but sees none. He whispers to Andrew if he can spot anyone from MacVittie and Company, whom they have come to see, in the congregation, but Andrew peremptorily quiets him.

From behind him, Frank hears someone whisper to him, "You are in danger in this city." When he turns around to see who spoke, he sees no one. He decides to turn around, and wait for whoever spoke to speak again. In a few minutes he does, telling Frank again that he is in danger, as he himself is, and that Frank should meet him at the Brigg tonight at midnight. He warns him not to wander around the city, but to stay hidden. Frank tries to find him among the crowd, but only sees a retreating figure.

Rob Roy Chapter 21 Summary

Frank remains in his rooms at the inn until night, when he ventures out to meet the stranger who had given him the warning that morning in the church. At one point, he overhears Andrew talking to a cloaked stranger, whom he calls Mr. Hammorgaw. Frank hears Andrew’s description of him as being given to poetry, but not a "bad lad." Still, Frank is incensed at the caricature Andrew gives of him to a stranger, and would like to deal with him in no uncertain terms, yet he refrains and continues on his way.

At last he is accosted in the street by the stranger himself, who directs him to follow him. The stranger will not give his name to Frank, who objects to being expected to trust in someone who will not identify himself. The stranger tells Frank that he has no other choice if he wants to discover what the danger is that he faces in Glasgow. The stranger stresses that he is not armed and not an enemy, though Frank has difficulty believing either.

The stranger reveals to Frank that he is taking him to a place where he himself dares not go. He finally tells Frank that he is taking him to a prison. Franks stops and prepares to defend himself, but the stranger informs him that he is not being taken there as a prisoner, but in order to hear from someone there concerning the danger he is in. Frank relents and the two proceed.

Rob Roy Chapter 22 Summary

Frank and his guide arrive at the jail and gain admittance. They are guided to a cell and let in. Frank believes he might find there Diana Vernon, but instead finds Owen.

When Owen arrived to meet with MacVittie and MacFinn, he tells them of what Rashleigh has done in compromising the integrity of Osbaldistone and Tresham. They go from being sympathetic to outraged. They demand some security for the money they have invested, but Owen is able to give them nothing. Since Owen has a small share in the firm, he becomes liable for the debt and is imprisoned.

When Owen finishes relating this account to Frank, a woman comes to the door of the cell and lets in Frank’s guide. He is unable to escape from the jail in which it is dangerous for him to be, so he asks for Frank’s pistols to protect himself. He then decides he can do this without the pistols and prepares for whoever is coming to Owen’s cell.

Nicol Jarvie, who is a local magistrate, enters the cell. He ignores, for the moment, both Frank and his guide, and addresses Owen. He asks Owen for the ledger that he is carrying. On examining it, Jarvie suggests that Owen can be released if someone will be his security. Jarvie himself offers to stand bail, provided Owen promises not to leave the country. Owen says he cannot expect anyone to be the security, but he promises to remain in the vicinity, at which point Jarvie promises him that he will be released by breakfast.

Rob Roy Chapter 23 Summary

When the magistrate shines his light on Frank’s guide, Jarvie at once recognizes him. He exclaims in surprise and asks why he shouldn’t lock him up. The guide replies that they are related by marriage, plus he could very well splatter Jarvie’s brains all over the wall. The guide introduces Frank, of whom Jarvie has heard through Andrew, who has given the impression that Frank is an actor, since he equates poets with the stage. Frank rectifies the error. Jarvie has also heard of Frank’s soured relationship with his father and Rashleigh’s replacement of him at the firm. Frank objects to being the brunt of Jarvie’s taunt, but he respects his motive, especially since he is standing bail for Owen.

When Frank is told that in ten days the bills that Rashleigh carries will come due, he remembers that at that time he is to open Diana’s letter. When he opens it, another letter falls at Jarvie’s feet. When he picks it up, he declares that it is addressed to Campbell. Frank then recognizes that the guide is Campbell himself. Frank is embarrassed at his own stupidity that he did not at once recognize him from their previous encounters.

Campbell tells Frank to leave Owen in Glasgow and come himself to Campbell’s home. The party then leaves the jail easily, since the jailer has departed and left the doors unlocked. In the meantime, Jarvie invites Frank to dine with him, an invitation that Frank readily accepts.

Rob Roy Chapter 24 Summary

The next morning Frank discovers that Andrew had plans to have the town crier go through the streets, asking for the return of the "unfortunate young gentleman," as he calls Frank. Frank is furious at this interference in his affairs, and calls on Andrew to settle accounts. Frank pays him a third above what Andrew asks, who is afraid that Frank is angry with him. Andrew then lets it be know that he assumed Frank would give him a regular position, instead of just a post as a temporary guide. Knowing that Andrew is manipulating him, and also aware of how irritating the gardener can be, Frank still asks him to stay as his domestic servant and guide around Scotland.

Frank dines with Mr. Jarvie, and he asks him more about Campbell. Jarvie states that he knows little about him since Campbell took up the cattle business. He declares him to be a Highland gentleman of rank, of Highland habits and dress, but he is unsure about his financial status. Jarvie quickly changes the subject to deal with Frank’s father’s business.

Jarvie warns Frank that there may be considerable losses, but he gives several courses of action that Owen may undertake.

With that, Jarvie seems to want to get rid of Frank quickly, and suggest he go up to the college where he will find other educated gentlemen like himself. However, he tempers his curt dismissal with a heartfelt invitation to return for the mid-day meal.

Rob Roy Chapter 25 Summary

Frank decides to take Jarvie’s advice and go up to the college, just to have time to reflect on his situation. As he is walking around the grounds, he spies three gentlemen walking towards him. He recognizes the middle one as Rashleigh. As they pass, he sees that the other two are Mr. Morris and Mr. MacVittie. Realizing that all three are in the plot together, he waits to confront Rashleigh alone.

Frank confronts Rashleigh, who affects not to be surprised or caught off guard at the son of the man he is cheating. Instead, he taunts Frank for not knowing anything about his business, let alone if he is cheating his father or not, since he has his nose buried in books all the time.

Frank challenges Rashleigh to a duel. Rashleigh accepts, and suggests that they go to a more secluded location.

Though Frank views this as an affair of honor, it becomes clear to him that Rashleigh is treating it as a fight to the death. When Rashleigh just barely misses stabbing him in the side, Frank takes the advantage and almost kills Rashleigh when the two duelists are separated by Campbell.

Campbell berates them both for their behavior, though he is more sympathetic to Frank. Rashleigh, who calls Campbell "MacGregor," is insistent that he is the innocent party. With difficulty, Campbell convinces them to give up the duel, and Rashleigh departs. With a parting warning, Campbell leaves as well. Frank stops by an apothecary to get his wounded treated.

Rob Roy Chapter 26 Summary

Frank arrives at Jarvie’s for dinner (a bit late), with Owen also in attendance. Frank, from his European travels, is used to unusual food, but Owen is nonplused at the fare.

Frank relates his adventures with Rashleigh to Jarvie, who tells him that dueling is a very serious offense, so it is lucky that they did not get caught. Frank asks Jarvie for more information about Campbell, who is a relative of Jarvie’s.

Jarvie describes the poor conditions of many of the residents of Scotland. A large part of the population lives on subsistence farming, and that not very well. There are some wealthy landowners, however. Through blackmail, Campbell manages to charge them for protection, and thus gives the money to the poverty-stricken, making him a kind of Robin Hood of Scotland.

When Frank asks what connection Campbell has with this business of his father, he learns that Campbell was indeed the highway robber who took Morris’s portmanteau. Furthermore, Rashleigh himself cheated Frank’s father out of the money and bills for the sole purpose of creating an uprising in Scotland, by causing distress to the men to whom those bills had been granted. Jarvie hopes that Campbell can be compelled to return the money so as not to ruin Frank’s father.

Frank is grateful to Jarvie for his opening up about the situation, since it clears up several questions Frank had. He also agrees with Mr. Jarvie’s proposal that the two of them go to see Campbell the next day.

Rob Roy Chapter 27 Summary

Frank, Jarvie, and Andrew prepare to leave for the highlands. However, Andrew has sold his horse for a lame one, which will not do for the journey. With much arguing, Andrew is finally persuaded to go and re-buy the other horse.

The journey progresses through increasingly bleaker landscape. The scattered houses finally disappear altogether. Jarvie gives Frank some information about the land they are passing through. Frank also tries to pry more information out of Jarvie concerning Campbell, but he will not discuss the matter in Andrew’s presence. Jarvie had taken a strong dislike to Andrew, and the feeling is mutual. They have a tendency to bicker the entire journey.

After stopping for the noonday meal at an inn, the party continues up into the highlands, with which Frank is more impressed. He would like to stop and explore some of the area, but their mission does not allow this. Jarvie tells Frank the names of some of mountains and other sites.

Andrew continues to plague Jarvie (and thus irritate Frank) until Frank threatens to send him back to Glasgow. Andrew thinks this might be a fine idea, until Frank informs him that he will not pay him for any of his past services if he does so. Andrew then thinks it is wisest to stop talking, and the journey continues in peace.

Rob Roy Chapter 28 Summary

The party crosses the river Forth, which is the unofficial boundary between the Lowlands and the Highlands. The people of this vicinity seem none too hospitable to the travelers. At the public house is the sign of the peeled willow wand, which signifies that no fights are to be undertaken due to the meeting of the patrons currently inside.

The travelers ask for room and the public house, but the landlady tells them that there is no room and no proper food for them. Frank, however, will not take no for an answer and insists that they be served and housed. Much offended, the landlady allows them to enter.

There are several native guests in resident. They do not take kindly to the intrusion of outsiders, and let the travelers know so. Finally, the landlady senses a quarrel about to begin, so she requests the travelers to leave. Frank, however, will not leave quietly and stands, prepared to defend himself.

A sword fight ensues, though Andrew escapes outside. The natives, after considerable swordplay, decide that the travelers are men of honor, and invite them to sit back down and make themselves at home.

After the meal has commenced, Frank wonders where Andrew has gone. He asks the landlady to direct him to the stables, but she will not go with him, out of superstitious fear. Before Frank leaves, she slips him a piece of paper, saying she is glad to be rid of it.

Rob Roy Chapter 29 Summary

When Frank reads the note the landlady gives him, he discovers that it is from Campbell, warning him not to mix with any of the other patrons at the public house (one of whom is the jailer from the Glasgow prison). He says that the landlady (who is his kinswoman) will guide Frank and his companions to a place of safety where Campbell will meet them.

Frank finds Andrew hidden in the stable. Andrew warns him under no circumstance to continue, for they are entering Rob Roy country. If Frank does decide to go on, Andrew continues, he will not go with him.

When Frank re-enters the public house, he finds Jarvie in an argument with the other guests over the character of Campbell. The disagreement continues until the dinner is served.

Two English soldiers enter the public house, stating that they are on the lookout for two travelers, a young man and an old man. Noticing Frank and Jarvie, the soldiers ask for their names. On hearing Frank’s name, they declare that they will surely have to detain them for questioning and demand all papers on their persons. On reading the note from Campbell, the soldiers declare them under arrest for consorting with the enemy. Andrew testifies that Frank has indeed been in contact with Campbell and should be arrested, as well as Jarvie. The soldiers state that they will leave in the morning. The guests leave, with the soldiers and their detainees remaining.

Rob Roy Chapter 30 Summary

Frank, Jarvie, and Andrew awake the next morning still under arrest, when a soldier comes in with Dougal (the jailer from Glasgow) in tow. Dougal is questioned about the location of Rob Roy (now identified with Campbell). Dougal resists until he is threatened with hanging. He is promised that he will be released and given five guineas if he will lead the soldiers to Rob Roy’s hideout. Dougal agrees, for which Jarvie calls out that he should be hanged after all.

The troop of soldiers takes Frank and the others with them to search for the highland outlaw. At every village they pass through, the English soldiers are cursed by the inhabitants, which appear to be mostly old women and children, with no men or older boys among them.

As the group approaches a narrow lake pass, a woman stops them and demands what they want. Jarvie identifies her as Helen Campbell, Rob Roy’s wife. She refuses to let them go further, cursing them for what the English have done in Scotland when the ambush is revealed. Several soldiers are instantly killed.

In the fracas, Frank, Andrew, and Jarvie manage to crawl out of the way of the gunfire. Jarvie, in trying to escape, is caught on a tree branch and dangles out into the air.

The melee ends in the defeat of the soldiers, with few casualties on the Highlanders’ side.

Rob Roy Chapter 31 Summary

The Scotsmen, in their victory, now turn to the prisoners of the English soldiers. First they order Andrew down from the cliff where he had been hiding. He joins Frank and Jarvie. Jarvie pleads for his freedom from Helen Campbell on the basis of being related. Helen, however, is unimpressed by so distant a relation, especially since it is deemed useful in Jarvie’s own freedom, while the freedom of Scotland is held cheap. The three are about to be thrown over the cliff into the lake when the sound of bagpipes is heard. It is a signal of approaching friends.

The friends turn out to be Rob Roy’s two sons, who report that their father has been taken hostage by another band of English soldiers. The soldiers exchange an Englishman for a hostage, and sent the sons back to their mother.

Helen is not impressed with her sons’ actions, believing that they should have stayed with their father. She calls for the hostage, and it turns out to be Morris.

Morris is tied with a heavy stone. He pleads for his life, as does Frank in his behalf, though he himself is about to share the same fate. Franks pleas, as well as Morris’s, are ignored. Morris says he is simply the agent of Rashleigh. Helen, however, is without mercy and commands that he be thrown into the lake, which he is and thus drowns.

Rob Roy Chapter 32 Summary

Jarvie protests Morris’s death as cold-blooded murder. When Helen asks him if he is not afraid to follow, Jarvie replies that, sooner than proclaim Morris’s death as lawful execution and in spite of the relationship between himself and Rob Roy, he would die alongside Morris than testify that murder was not murder. Helen is seemingly impressed with Jarvie’s courage, and says no more to him.

Helen then asks Frank if he is Rashleigh Osbaldistone, which Frank denies, but explains that they are kinsmen, but not friends. He explains about their recent duel, which Rob Roy had stopped. Helen tells him that he is then trustworthy enough to take a message to the soldiers. Frank then tells her that he, along with his companions, have come into this country at her husband’s invitation. Helen then gives him the message: if they harm Rob Roy, they will destroy the countryside. Jarvie remains under Dougal’s surveillance.

Frank and Andrew are then led by the elder son of Rob Roy to the hideout. Frank is presented to the Duke. Franks gives the message, but the Duke states that Rob Roy must die. The Duke then receives a message that their allies have made a separate peace with the enemy. The Duke then proposes a retreat, but first calls forth Rob Roy. After a short exchange, the Duke allows Roy to send his wife a message.

Rob Roy Chapter 33 Summary

The troop splits into two companies, one returning to quarters, the other taking Rob Roy and Frank into custody. Rob Roy is carried on the back of the horse with a guard, Ewan. On the road, Rob Roy mentions that Ewan’s father would never have done this kind of thing.

When they are crossing a river, Frank hears a splash. Ewan has released Rob Roy’s bonds, and the latter has slipped off the horse into the water and escapes. Great confusion breaks out as the soldiers try to recapture the prisoner. Frank over hears some soldiers, separated from the Duke’s presence, mention that it was due to Frank’s assistance that Rob Roy escaped. Fearing for his life, Frank slips off into the brush and escapes as well. He contemplates pleading to the Duke for protection, but in the end decides to return to the inn, knowing that he would not suffer at the hands of any Highlanders once he told them of Rob Roy’s escape.

Frank begins to return to the inn in the dark, fairly oblivious to his surroundings, when he is overtaken by two horsemen. They stop him and question him. He stubbornly refuses to tell them who he is or what his business is, other than where he is going. One of the horsemen addresses him by name, and reveals herself as Diana Vernon.

Diana returns to Frank his father’s packet of bills, which will prevent him the financial hardship that he feared. She also tells him good-bye, forever. They share a tender embrace, and she is gone.

Rob Roy Chapter 34 Summary

Frank continues on his way, still grieving for the loss of Diana. He is overtaken by Rob Roy, who had also escaped from capture. Frank tells him of meeting Diana and her companion. Rob Roy tells him that her companion is “His Excellency,” and she is now under his “lawful authority.” Frank interprets this to mean that she is now married, and that she is lost forever.
Rob Roy informs Frank that His Excellency had been living in Osbaldistone Hall, within Diana’s chambers. Frank now understands whose light he saw in the library window. Yet Rob Roy tells him no other information about this person.

Frank also tells Rob Roy about the death of Morris. This news disturbs Rob Roy, who does not like to see outright murder. It is one more crime to hold against the English.

The two return to the inn, where Frank looks for Diana, but discovers only Jarvie. Jarvie suggest to Rob Roy that, since he is too old to reform, his two sons should go into apprentice to a weaver. At first Rob Roy is furious, but eventually decides to humor Jarvie, at least to avoid an argument. He then returns Jarvie’s money that was taken from him. He also informs him that his cousin (and Rob Roy’s wife) Helen and their two sons will be absent, because they are with Diana and her companion.

At last the party goes to bed, though Frank is still numb from the news concerning Diana, and sits up to talk to Rob Roy.

Rob Roy Chapter 35 Summary

Rob Roy remarks on Frank’s abstinence from drinking. He states that if he had been abstinent in the past, he would not have been caught in a duel with Rashleigh. Frank responds that he has been imprudent in more serious ways.

Rob Roy switches the conversation to the fact that he has been branded an outlaw. He reveals his anger and bitterness, and vows vengeance. He is most concerned about the future of his sons. When Frank kindly suggests to use his father’s influence to procure a position for them in the foreign service, Rob Roy is touched and yet regains control of his emotions. The two then turn in for the night.

In the morning, the company departs from the inn. Conversation again turns to Rob Roy’s sons and their future. However, he says that with the arrival of His Excellency, things may be about to change. He states that Rashleigh’s intrigues also included the plot to capture him, as well as His Excellency. Rob Roy now states that he would be glad to capture Rashleigh to stop all his treachery. While he is still touched by Frank’s offer concerning his sons, he knows that the time has come to rally all the Scots to fight against the English, probably a prolonged civil war.

The company joins another group of Highlanders, which includes Helen. She welcomes them all and invites them to join in a meal. Before she bids them good-bye, she gives Frank a ring from Diana. He now knows that she loves him, but that they are parted forever.

Rob Roy Chapter 36 Summary

The company arrives at Loch Lomond, where the clan MacGregor (to which Rob Roy belongs) holds sway. They part company, with Rob Roy remaining behind, and Frank and Mr. Jarvie rowing across the lake.

They are met on the other side by Dougal. Jarvie in appreciation suggests that Dougal return with him to Glasgow to work in a warehouse, to which Dougal declines. Frank learns that Dougal had originally come to Glasgow as a prisoner, but found favor with the jailer and rose in the ranks.

Jarvie and Frank then proceed on horseback to Glasgow. While Frank would like to discuss the natural beauty around him, Jarvie does not fully appreciate it. They arrive at Glasgow the next day, Jarvie going to his home and Frank returning to his lodgings, where he is met by Andrew. He leads Frank up to his room, where he finds Owen and his father. Mr. Osbaldistone tries to retain his dignity, but dissolves into tears at the sight of his son safely returned.

Mr. Osbaldistone had returned from Holland and set out for Scotland to find Rashleigh. MacVittie and company are shocked to find him there, financially stable, contrary to their plans. Mr. Osbaldistone severs all connection with their firm. He learns of Frank’s welfare from Andrew, who had been released and sent back. Mr. Osbaldistone then planned to set out to find Frank, when he returned. The next day he visits Jarvie to express his gratitude.

Rob Roy Chapter 37 Summary

Andrew brings news that the Jacobite Rebellion of 1715 has begun, and Rob Roy and his troops are on their way to Glasgow. Frank is more upset at the thought that Diana is married to a man involved in this dangerous adventure.

Frank and his father plan to return to London as quickly as possible. Frank plans to offer his services to the English government.

On their return. Mr. Osbaldistone meets with other merchants to form a group planning to support those banks who will support the government, thus preventing the Jacobites from obtaining a line of credit. Rank obtains a commission, with two hundred troops, and joins the army.

The rebellion has reached England. Frank learns that his uncle, Sir Hildebrand, has joined the Jacobites. He has made his will, disinheriting Rashleigh, and making Frank among his heirs after his other sons.

Frank’s cousins die in the rebellion, leaving Sir Hildebrand heartbroken. Frank obtains leave from the army to attend to his uncle. Sir Hildebrand dies a broken man, making Frank the sole heir of the Osbaldistone estate.

Rashleigh brings suit to challenge the will. However, Frank goes to Osbaldistone Hall, at his father’s instruction, to take charge of the estate as the legal heir, accompanied by Andrew.

Frank visits Mr. Inglewood, where he learns that Diana is not married to His Excellency, because His Excellency is in fact her father, Sir Frederick Vernon, disguised as Father Vaughan.

Rob Roy Chapter 38 Summary

Frank arrives at Osbaldistone Hall, only to find it deserted and almost dilapidated. He is saddened to see it this way, compared to what it had been when his uncle, cousins, and Diana lived there. The butler, Anthony Syddall, is reluctant to admit them. When Andrew threatened to get the constable, Syddall opens the house to them. Frank takes possession of the library and examines the finances and assets of the estate.

As Frank relaxes in the library as the twilight falls, Diana and her father appear before him unexpectedly.

Sir Frederick Vernon asks for refuge from Frank at Osbaldistone Hall, until they can continue on their dangerous journey. Andrew brings candles, but Frank hurriedly shuts the door to prevent the two guests being seen.

Sir Frederick speaks of his suspicions concerning Rashleigh, and he had let Rashleigh know his true feelings, caused by his treatment of his daughter, at their last meeting. He tells of his escape with Diana as their allies began to diminish from the fight. Unable to reach exile, they made their way back to Osbaldistone Hall, hoping to count of Syddall’s hospitality. He tells Frank of the hardships Diana has faced, worthy of any martyr. He completely dedicates her to God.

Frank begs them to stay at Osbaldistone Hall, in payment for all that Sir Frederick has done for them, besides Frank’s feelings for Diana. However, Sir Frederick begs simply to be given room to sleep until they can continue on their journey into exile.

Rob Roy Chapter 39 Summary

After a troubled sleep, Frank awakens to hear someone pounding on the gate, demanding entrance in the king’s name. He races to warn and protect Diana and her father.

It is Jobson at the door, with a warrant to arrest Diana and Sir Frederick, as well as Frank himself (charged with treason). In order to buy time for Diana and her father’s escape, Frank surrenders himself as a prisoner. Soon Rashleigh enters, with Sir Frederick and Diana as his prisoners. Syddall and Andrew are driven from the premises. Andrew is surprised when he runs into a group of Highlanders, who question him about the goings-on at the Hall. Soon they see Jobson and his prisoners drive away in a carriage. The carriage is ambushed, and Rob Roy stabs Rashleigh and releases the prisoners. Rob Roy, Sir Frederick, and Diana then depart, and Frank returns to Osbaldistone Hall.

Rashleigh is carried into the Hall, dying. With his dying breath, he reiterates his hatred for Frank.

Frank eventually hears from Diana from her exile in France. Her father is dying, and she herself is to go into the convent. Her father, however, has left the decision entirely to her. With his father’s blessing, Frank goes in search for Diana and makes her his wife. They lived long, happy lives until Diana’s death.

Frank in later years visited Scotland often, but never again saw Rob Roy. He hears tales of his continued fight against his enemies, until his death of old age in 1733.