The Road to Nuremberg (Magill's Literary Annual 1982)
In 1942, as the Nazi killing machines began in earnest to undertake the “final solution” to the so-called Jewish Question, information on the mass murders began to filter back to government authorities in London and Washington. At first the stories seemed too horrible to be believed. The Nazi record of aggressive warfare had, of course, been clear since the attack on Poland in 1939. The brutality with which the German armies apparently disregarded the standard laws and usages of warfare among civilized countries was also becoming clear, but the crime which would become known as genocide still seemed literally incredible. In December, 1942, after months of attempted verification, delays, and negotiations within the Allied camp, the British and American governments issued a joint statement denouncing the Nazi mass murders and declaring that the perpetrators would not “escape retribution.” In November, 1943, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov issued the Moscow Declaration outlining the Allied policy toward Nazi war criminals: major war criminals at the top of the hierarchy would be “punished by the joint decision of the governments of the allies,” while lesser offenders would be turned over to liberated countries for trial and punishment under local laws.
Yet these statements left many questions unanswered: exactly what were the definitions of the crimes involved?...
(The entire section is 2110 words.)
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Bibliography (Magill's Literary Annual 1982)
Book World. XI, May 24, 1981, p. 6.
Choice. XIX, September, 1981, p. 146.
Kirkus Reviews. XLIX, February 1, 1981, p. 204.
Library Journal. CVI, March 15, 1981, p. 660.
New Statesman. CII, October 9, 1981, p. 18.
The New York Review of Books. XXIX, February 18, 1982, p. 30.
Publishers Weekly. CCXIX, February 20, 1981, p. 84.
(The entire section is 38 words.)