Rise of Woman Suffrage Associations (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: The first organizations devoted to the cause of woman suffrage begin their half-century struggle.
Summary of Event
The struggle for woman suffrage, marked from start to finish by internal controversy, was first publicly articulated in the United States as a resolution written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton, one of the organizers of the Woman’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls in 1848, and passed at the convention. The early struggle for women’s rights paralleled the struggle for the rights of Negroes, as African Americans were then called, and the same people were initially involved in both, forming the Equal Rights Association. At the outbreak of the Civil War, some felt it was more important to work for abolition. Women were told, “This is the Negroes’ hour.” This split in emphasis resulted in the Thirteenth Amendment to the constitution, emancipating former slaves (1865); the Fourteenth Amendment, guaranteeing equal protection to all persons who were citizens (1868); and the Fifteenth Amendment, granting the franchise regardless of “race, color or previous condition of servitude” (1870) but which, in spite of women’s efforts, did not also include “sex” in the wording. Efforts by Stanton and Susan B. Anthony to show that the Fourteenth Amendment included “women” in the word “persons” resulted in a Supreme Court decision in 1874 that it did not.
At the close of a...
(The entire section is 1465 words.)
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