Richard II (Dictionary of World Biography: Middle Ages)
Article abstract: Seeking to overcome his powerful uncles who dominated English government before he reached majority, Richard II harshly asserted his royal powers and became the second English monarch to be deposed by his subjects.
Richard of Bordeaux was born on January 6, 1367, in the abbey of St. André in Bordeaux, France, the second son of Joan, “the Fair Maid,” Countess of Kent, and the Black Prince, Edward, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King Edward III. Richard remained in Bordeaux until January, 1371, when he traveled to England with his ailing father. Little is known about Richard’s early years or his education as a crown prince of England. During his youth, it is likely that he became familiar with the workings of a princely court, acquired a basic education from his tutors, and enjoyed the companionship of his older brother, Edward, and his two half brothers, Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, and John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon, born of his mother’s previous marriage.
A series of deaths, which ultimately brought the crown to this younger son of the Black Prince in 1377, punctuated Richard’s childhood. In 1371, his older brother, Prince Edward, died at the age of seven. Five years later, Richard’s father died, predeceasing his own father by a year. In 1377, the great Plantagenet warrior and patriarch King Edward III died after many years of illness, during which his son,...
(The entire section is 2129 words.)
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