Timeline of Events
|c. 300||Jews arrive in Spain.|
|395||The Roman Empire is split into the West Roman Empire and the East Roman (Byzantine) Empire.|
|711||Moors invade Spain.|
|late 700s–c. 1000||Feudalism is established in Europe.|
|800||Emperor Charlemagne claims to revive ancient Roman Empire.|
|1076||Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV.|
|1096||Christians launch the Crusades against the Muslims.|
|1233||Pope Gregory IX establishes the medieval Inquisition.|
|1291||The Crusades end...|
(The entire section is 2011 words.)
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Words to Know
- A church connected with a monastery.
- A head of a monastery.
- A head of a convent.
- To step down from the throne.
- Forgiveness of sins pronounced by a priest.
- The concentration of all power in the hands of one ruler.
- Having sexual relations with someone who is not the person's husband or wife.
- The growing of crops for food and other products.
- The medieval science devoted to changing common metals into gold and silver.
- A form of arithmetic in which letters represent...
(The entire section is 3830 words.)
Research and Activity Ideas
The following list of research and activity ideas is intended to offer suggestions for complementing English, social studies, and history curricula; to trigger additional ideas for enhancing learning; and to suggest cross-disciplinary projects for library and classroom use.
Activity 1: Living history: Life in the Renaissance
Assignment: Your social studies class has been selected to create a "living history" presentation on life in the Renaissance. The presentation will be featured in a school program that will be attended by fellow students, parents, and members of the community. You will determine the format of your presentation, but you are expected to make it informative, involve all members of the class, and engage the imagination of the audience.
Preparation: The first task is to hold a class discussion and plan your presentation. One possibility is to assign specific roles, such as kings, queens, dukes, duchesses, courtiers, peasants, slaves, merchants, clergymen, scholars, scientists, patrons, salonnières, artists, writers, playwrights, and musicians. Once you have assigned roles, gather information about the lives of the people you will portray. Focus on food, clothing, housing, community and family life, work, recreation, religion, education, and other relevant...
(The entire section is 801 words.)
Where to Learn More
The following list focuses on works written for readers of middle school and high school age. Books aimed at adult readers have been included when they are especially important in providing information or analysis that would otherwise be unavailable, or because they have become classics.
Ackerman, James S. Palladio's Villas. Locust Valley, N.Y.: Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1967.
Ackroyd, Peter. The Life of Thomas More. New York: Nan A. Talese, 1998.
Anthony, Arthur. The Tailor-King: The Rise and Fall of the Anabaptist Kingdom of Münster. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989.
Atil, Esin. Suleymanname: The Illustrated History of Suleyman the Magnificent. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1986.
Banville, John. Kepler, A Novel. New York: Vintage, 1993. (Fiction)
Barstow, Anne Llewellyn. Witchcraze: A New History of the European Witch Hunts. San Francisco: Harper, 1999.
Bellonci, Maria. The Life and Times of Lucrezia Borgia. Translated by Bernard and Barbara Wall. London: Phoenix Press, 2000.
Brimacombe, Peter. All the Queen's Men: The World of Elizabeth I. New York: St. Martin's...
(The entire section is 3442 words.)