Overview (Masterplots II: Christian Literature)
After slaughter, torture, and organized oppression, how can nations heal? Is the Christian gospel of reconciliation at all relevant in the political arena? Does God’s promise of redemption and salvation have any meaning during the messy transition to democracy or during reconstruction of fractured nations? John W. de Gruchy, a political theologian, wrestles with these questions in a study of reconciliation and its relation to restorative as opposed to retributive justice. Personal experience of entrenched racism and institutionalized oppression of non-Europeans during the apartheid regime in South Africa informs his analysis. He contextualizes theological ideas by considering the rationale for and the limitations of hearings conducted by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) after the dissolution of apartheid. His ideas are relevant for peacemakers in other countries struggling with reconstruction after periods of atrocities, such as genocide in Rwanda, sectarianism in Northern Ireland, or ethnic cleansing in Serbia.
Reconciliation is organized around three major topics: the language of reconciliation, agency or the role of the church as an instrument of reconciliation, and the process of reconciliation. De Gruchy explains that when people speak of reconciliation, meaning depends on the context. If the context is theological, reconciliation is between fallen humans and God; if personal, it is between people, such as feuding neighbors or...
(The entire section is 886 words.)
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