Ramón Magsaysay (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: During World War II, Magsaysay organized guerrilla forces to fight against the Japanese; after the war, he successfully put down the Hukbalahap Revolt.
Ramón Magsaysay received a bachelor of science degree in commerce from José Rizal College in 1932. He started as a mechanic, then became branch manager of a transportation company. During the war with Japan, the U.S. Army requisitioned the transportation company’s trucks and engaged Magsaysay as their expert mechanic. After Bataan fell (December, 1941-April, 1942) and the Americans surrendered at Corregidor (May, 1942), Magsaysay organized the western Luzon guerrilla forces and for three years fought with the guerrillas against the Japanese in the mountains of Zambales province. After U.S. troops liberated the province in 1945, General Douglas MacArthur, who was impressed with Magsaysay’s accomplishments, appointed him military governor of his native province. He later was elected representative from Zambales to the Philippine legislature.
Serving as secretary of defense under President Elpidio Quirino in 1950, Magsaysay fought the Hukbalahaps (also known as Huks or the People’s Anti-Japanese Army), a guerrilla group organized by nationalist communists during the war with Japan that had not been incorporated into the postwar Philippine government. He broke up the Huk organization with guerrilla tactics, offering land and tools to...
(The entire section is 410 words.)
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