Rain in the Face (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: During the Sioux Wars of the 1860's and 1870's, Rain in the Face was a leading war chief.
His name came from childhood incidents in which blood, along with red and black war paint, streaked his face. Not a hereditary chief, Rain in the Face earned his reputation and status in war. During the war for the Bozeman Trail (1866-1868), Rain in the Face was a leading war chief, participating in numerous raids. At Fort Trotten, North Dakota, he was severely wounded.
Arrested in 1873 for the murder of a white surgeon, Rain in the Face, though admitting his guilt, was aided by a white guard, who permitted his escape. He thereafter participated in the war for the Black Hills (1876-1877) and in the last great Indian victory, the Battle of the Little Bighorn, during which he was reputed to have killed George Armstrong Custer. At war's end, he retreated with Sitting Bull to Canada, returning with him to Montana in 1880 and surrendering at Fort Keogh. Rain in the Face had seven wives and numerous children.
Ostler, Jeffrey. The Plains Sioux and U.S. Colonialism from Lewis and Clark to Wounded Knee. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
(The entire section is 206 words.)
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