Raid on Dieppe (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Type of action: Amphibious attack in World War II. Result: Allied troops forced to withdraw.
Before dawn on August 19, 1942, the Allied raid on Dieppe, code named Jubilee, commenced. The goals of the raid, led by General J. H. Roberts, Air Vice Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory, and Captain John Hughes-Hallet, were primarily to rehearse a seaborne assault, test assault vehicles, and probe German port defenses. Poor intelligence failed to indicate the strength of the German defenses accurately. The assault, which failed to achieve surprise, also lacked a prelanding bombardment. Following a flanking assault, the commandos launched the main frontal attack against the port. Meeting heavy German fire, the troops suffered huge losses and were forced to withdraw. By 2:00 p.m. the survivors were on their way back to Britain. Although German losses were less than 600, Allied casualties were great. The number of Canadians killed, wounded, or taken prisoner was 3,367, and the British suffered 275 casualties.
Although a failure, the Allied raid on Dieppe taught the Allies several crucial lessons, including the importance of complete surprise, prelanding bombardments, and effective covering fire. Most important, however, Allied military leaders concluded that major invasions would have to take place over open beaches.
Dear, I. C. B., et al., eds....
(The entire section is 246 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!