R. C. Gorman (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: One of the most commercially successful Indian painters, R. C. Gorman altered the non-Indian standard of Indian art; he was the first Indian artist to own a gallery.
Rudolph Carl Gorman, or R. C. Gorman, has been called the “Picasso of Indian artists,” “the Reservation Dali,” and “the Vargas of Indian art,” but he began life in a hogan during the Depression and herded sheep in Canyon de Chelly. At the private Ganado High School, volunteer teacher Jenny Lind influenced his drawing. After four years in the Navy, he won a scholarship from the Navajo tribe to study at Mexico City College in 1958. The muralists of Mexico profoundly shaped his art. In 1962, he moved to San Francisco and then, in 1968, to Taos, New Mexico, opening his Navajo Gallery. His unconventional paintings rapidly changed the Indian art market starting in 1965.
Apolitical images of strong, large women strolling or sitting, often with a child or pottery, drawn with a single line, are his hallmark. He carried these images into lithographs in 1966, posters in 1975, etchings in 1976, silk-screening, bronze sculpture, and ceramics in 1977, cast paper and glass etching in 1985—while continuing to draw and paint with charcoal and pastels. His work enjoys worldwide sales, and he has established a scholarship fund for Indians. Honors include the first one-man show for an Indian both in Taos and at the Heye Foundation, honorary doctorate...
(The entire section is 264 words.)
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