A Question of Intelligence (Magill Book Reviews)
Daniel Seligman, a journalist, here presents a summary of expertopinion regarding IQ testing. Contrary to most media portrayals,he finds that the consensus of experts is that IQ tests generallyare not culturally biased, that they do reflect differences acrosssocial and ethnic groups, and that intelligence is partlyhereditary. Seligman presents persuasive results of scientificexperiments as well as the results of surveys of scientists tosupport these opinions, which he recognizes are politicallyunpopular.
Debate in the media commonly accepts that IQ tests are biased orunfair because they typically find that African Americans as agroup score lower than white test takers. The debate then moves onto why the tests are biased and how they can be corrected. Opponents of IQ tests argue that there are different types ofintelligence and that test taking is artificial.
Seligman argues that group differences in IQ are real ratherthan a result of cultural bias in tests. African Americans dorelatively better on the verbal portions of IQ tests than on theanalytical portions, exactly the opposite of what would bepredicted by cultural bias in tests. Various groups, including theeconomically disadvantaged, African Americans, Jewish Americans,and East Asians, taking either tests in their own language ornonverbal tests, have different profiles of intelligence, scoringdifferently on different subtests.
Seligman states that many experts believe that IQ...
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