Queen Anne’s War (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: Conflict resulting in British acquisition of French territory and commercial concessions from Spain.
Summary of Event
By the seventeenth century, colonial rivalries had involved European powers in global conflicts. The first, the Nine Years’ War (1689-1697), primarily an Anglo-French conflict, was known as King William’s War in North America, where all captured territory was restored by the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697. Warfare was renewed in the War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713), whose North American phase was known as Queen Anne’s War.
This conflict’s origins involved the question of who would succeed the sickly, childless Charles II as ruler of the vast Spanish Empire. Attempts to partition the empire between Louis XIV’s son and Emperor Leopold I’s son came to naught when Louis XIV accepted Charles II’s will, which left the Spanish Empire to Philip of Anjou, Louis XIV’s grandson. Provocative actions by Louis XIV and the new Spanish king, Philip V, coupled with the fear that one person might eventually rule France and Spain, led William III, ruler of England and the Netherlands, to organize the Grand Alliance of England, the Netherlands, and the emperor. The object of the alliance was to prevent the union of France and Spain and to gain commercial and territorial benefits. On May 15, 1702, the Grand Alliance formally declared war against France and Spain. English and...
(The entire section is 1508 words.)
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