Queen Anne (Dictionary of World Biography: The 17th and 18th Centuries)
Article abstract: Through her devotion to the Church of England, Anne maintained the provisions of the Act of Settlement of 1701, thereby fostering the cause of constitutional government while preventing another civil war.
Of the seven children born to James, Duke of York, and his first wife, Anne Hyde, only two survived infancy: Anne, who was born on February 6, 1665, at St. James’s Palace, London, and Mary, who was three years her senior. Concerned by his younger daughter’s poor eyesight, James sent her to Paris to be treated by a noted oculist. While in France, Anne lived first with her paternal grandmother, the Dowager Queen, Henrietta Maria, who died in 1669, and then with her father’s youngest sister, Henrietta Annie, Duchess of Orleans. At the age of five, Anne returned to England, but she continued to be troubled by poor eyesight all of her life.
When Anne was six her mother died of cancer, and rather than leave his nieces under the sole supervision of their father, Charles II sent them to live with Colonel Edward Villiers, a devout Protestant. Both the Duke and the Duchess of York had made the politically unwise decision to accept the Roman Catholic faith, but the king would not allow Mary and Anne, who stood next in line for the throne, to make the same choice. While under the care of Colonel Villiers, Anne met and fell under the spell of Sarah Jennings, who, as the Duchess of...
(The entire section is 2413 words.)
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Queen Anne (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: As leader of the Pamunkey tribe, a member of the Powhatan Confederacy, Queen Anne aided white Virginia settlers against hostile tribes.
Queen Anne's husband, Totopotomoi, was principal chief of the Pamunkey tribe. With his death in battle as an ally of whites against other Indian tribes in 1656, Queen Anne assumed leadership of the Pamunkeys. In 1675 she traveled to Williamsburg to respond to governor William Berkeley's request for her aid in suppressing Bacon's Rebellion—a rebellion within Virginia ostensibly caused by Berkeley's failure to protect western Virginians from hostile Indians.
In full Indian attire, Queen Anne appeared at the Colonial Council, where she initially refused Berkeley's request, citing his earlier failure to protect her husband and her tribe. After promises of future aid, she reluctantly provided the governor with assistance. Afterward, in tribute, she was presented with a silver-inscribed medal (now in the collection of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities).
(The entire section is 154 words.)