Quanah Parker (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Although a fierce warrior and battle leader, Quanah Parker became an outspoken advocate of Indian assimilation and aided his people in the transition from freedom to reservation life.
Quanah Parker was the son of a Nacona Comanche chief named Peta Nocona and a white woman named Cynthia Ann Parker. A mixed band of Comanches, Paiutes, and Kiowas captured Cynthia Ann (age nine at the time), her younger brother, and her older female cousin in 1836 during a raid on Parker's Fort in what is now east-central Texas. Cynthia Ann's brother and cousin escaped captivity within a few years, but a Comanche family adopted Cynthia Ann and reared her as a Comanche. At the age of seventeen or eighteen she married Peta Nocona and in due course gave birth to Quanah; another boy, named Pecos; and a daughter named Topasannah (Prairie Flower).
In December, 1860, a Texas Ranger named Sul Ross (later a governor of the state) led a force of 120 men against a Comanche camp on the Pease River near the present Oklahoma-Texas border. In a running fight, the Rangers killed a number of Comanches and captured others—among them Cynthia Ann and her daughter. Quanah's father died at the hands of Sul Ross himself during the battle, and...
(The entire section is 1154 words.)
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